Between 2007 and 2017, 40.2% of women who had a plagiarism filed had filed a complaint about violence with state agencies. In that time, 489 femicides had been carried out in our country and in 197 of them, the women who suffered violence had recorded this abuse in the system.
The data was revealed on Monday in a report by. T The Counter, which analyzed the figures published by the Femicides Mechanism Circuit (CIF) and the Chile Network Against Violence Against Women (Network).
Numbers below the table did not go amongst a group of opposition parliamentarians, who referred directly to a weak and ineffective organization to deal with complaints of sexual violence.
Along these lines, Communist Party deputy (PC) and president of the Commission for Women and Gender Equality, Camila Vallejo, said, t The Counter these figures show an “extremely macho and patriarchal” system that is not prepared to deal with this type of complaint.
"This in some way creates a challenge not only for cultural change, but in terms of protocol, in terms of training Carabineros officers as well as the PDI, from the same Executive Branch, also the legislation, is obvious. There are also the same sanctions against those officers, having received complaints, without doing anything about it, because, unfortunately, due to this neglect, women in our country are being murdered. and I think that this system is being reported, a system that hasn't been designed yet. To get to grips with the macho violence that thousands of women are suffering through Chile, ”he said. t .
The senator also said that there is still a lot to do on organizational issues, from the moment the complaint is made and how it is processed in the judicial system. Vallejo also refers to "how we eliminate the macho habits experienced at the time of a lawyer, a lawyer, at the time of the trial hearing, how to understand the different crimes that are being committed." configured at the time of the attacks against women, femicide tempation, the crime of rape, the legislation in punishing issues and the judicial process which, in the case of accusations or cases of femicide, sexual aggression, need an update, and the meaning that Gabriela Law's project is clearly important ”.
"Also, the bill is unauthorized, to give women more protection reporting rape and they do not go to unfinished attackers and, in addition, protocols; ■ led the understanding of sexual violence in the whole judicial system, also suddenly specialized courts ".
For the president of the Family Commission, Natalia Castillo, it's not enough to encourage pronunciation, but rather that the State must ensure that all those protection mechanisms for women are our victims, either with the necessary psychological support (…) and in extreme cases, it can even be physically included in a particular place, which obviously requires the implementation of resources that were not reflected in the Law Previous budget and we hope it can be corrected this year.
On the other hand, deputy Claudia Mix believes "this is a reality that the authority has turned its back to, offering superficial solutions, but that's not going to the bottom of the matter. " Women, in all contexts, are vulnerable to very high levels of violence, we do not have protection and that is why they kill us. "
Mix makes a summons for the authorities to understand that the violence of women by their partners is not the same as the private field. "This is a public issue and should be treated as such, it is not enough to increase sentences, the basic creation of a powerful defense network of the State, and strengthening community networks of neighborhood and neighborhood."
For the deputy of the Democratic Revolution (DR), Gael Yeomans, the procedure for receiving complaints about violence against women is ineffective and leaves them unprotected. In addition, we consider this to be the same institutions in the State – like Carabineros, PDI and the Family Courts – which imitate this violence, treating the cases. this as a "couple problem". "We are talking, if a woman denies, that all the doors and all the warnings that this woman might be a victim of a much more serious violence could be opened up that could bring her life to an end." and, in my opinion, despite the calls made by the Ministry of Women to deny, have not created adequate protection measures to be able to go with women and actually protect them, and that is It suggests unfortunate structural changes that have not been incorporated into the Integrated Violence Law, and it was reported during the processing ". t
"Unfortunately, in the same way as unmistakable violence, those cases of sexual violence are held against women, so a mixture is made and is not treated with the specificity that this is It 's needed, and that's why I believe that from the ways of being able to solve this, it means that it gets a separate treatment in a different procedure, which we produce; The methods of defense and avoiding the murder of the girls, "he adds.
Yeomans also believe that there is a serious training problem in the institutions, something – in his opinion – that is not solved by one-day training. "There must be a commitment, real mandate from the organizations that this flesh becomes in all those officers who have to perform a role, means, for example, when Carabineros receives a complaint and send the woman to solve the problem with your partner, that carabino should be allowed, as well as any officer or officer of the State receiving these serious incidents as we know, and t my opinion, unfortunately, and a response from the State, with the structure that this requires, and I see that the Ministry of Women must be more responsible at the time when the call denies. "
"We all agree that we have to deny, but if we do not have the structure, we do not have the conditions from the State to be responsible for that complaint, we are extremely irresponsible with that girl and With many other people who risk it life to be able to take responsibility for this important step For a woman it's not something to deny, this is a very brave fact and, therefore, the State whole was supported, "he said.
The role of the educational system
But the problem of violence against women is not entirely due to the inefficiencies of the organizations. Our problem is more complex – the educational system – one-ten. At least that is Camila Vallejo's perception, which believes that sexist education does not play a central role.
"From the youngest, from the first years they started going to nursery schools, a pre-kindergarten nursery, kindergarten, first degree, are key moments to educate ourselves in relation to us, regardless of The biological sex, and that's something that we have to start doing now so that future adults understand how they should relate to society, without hatred, in relation to diversity and above all, in this case, respect for women, and not taught them in gender stereotypes, "he stressed. .
"The rest is also institutional, economic, and labor violence, but pay equity is an upcoming issue, the bill on pay equity must move forward, we are not yet having the necessary support from the Government, the general nursery, parental responsibility in what reproduction, parenting, caring for children in our country, the pension system requires a radical change. The AFP accounts for women's needs that they are going to retire, or from the same pensioners who receive much lower pensions than men, the same health system, the isopreses that discriminate against them. women, there are many pending issues that require an urgent institutional response ", he held.