The fight against malaria remains wild in the world and, despite to a small improvement in the mortality rate, Two million more people with the disease agreed in 2017, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported on Monday.
This data is included in the Malaria World Report for 2018, which refers to last year and was introduced in Maputo by the director of the WHO Global Malaria Program, Spanish scientist Pedro Alonso, among others .
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"No-one should die from malaria. But the world faces a new reality: as the progress occurs, we are at risk of wasting years of work, investment and success in reducing the number of people suffering from & # 39 ; r disease, "said Director General WHO, Tedros. Adhanom Ghebreyesus, in the report.
In 2017, they have registered 219 million cases of malaria – from 217 million a previous year – and some 435,000 people lost their lives, compared to 451,000 deaths 2016.
O total mortality, There were 266,000 under 5 (61%), as more than 700 children died in 2017 every day, which corresponds to a child killed by malaria every two minutes.
And the biggest penalty continent was Africa again, where ten countries – together with India – account for 70% of all malaria cases, about 151 million.
Of these, Nigeria, Madagascar and the Democratic Republic of the Congo are the highest-ranking nations, all of which are more than half a million new cases.
"We see a relatively small group of countries with a very high number (of cases), such as Nigeria, which has 25% of all the malaria in the world," said Alonso at a news conference in Maputo.
In contrast, India reported 3 million fewer patients, a reduction in 24% compared to the same period of 2016.
"Obviously, we have to change the course and improve the way we fight malaria, especially in those countries that lead the greatest burden," said Tedros in the document.
The new malaria strategy, published last May by WHO with the support of the Back Back Malaria Partnership, emphasizes the need to redirect political will – nationally and globally – to improve resource distribution and increase funding , above all, of national funding.
Despite this relative reduction in the fight against the disease, the report also highlights some increase.
WHO had not reported in 2017 no transfer of local malaria in China or El Salvador, where the disease was endemic for a long time, and the number of walking countries increased to its abolition – with fewer than 10,000 cases – to 46, two more than in 2016.
In addition, Paraguay won in 2018 certificate of free malaria country, which is the first American State to accept this status since Cuba did 45 years ago; and Argentina is getting it, as she has not registered cases for 3 years.
The figures also improve compared to the referral year, 2010.
Since then, the number of malaria (the number of new cases among populations at risk) has decreased by 18% worldwide, from 72 to 59 cases per 1,000 people at risk.
According to zones, other than South East Asia, which continued to see its fall rate decline, the rest of the WHO regions did not record a slight increase or increase in that rate, especially in Africa, with 219 cases per 1,000 residents.
In America, the causes increased due to the greatest number of cases Brazil, Nicaragua and, above all, Venezuela.
"It's also amazing the number of cases we are registering in the Americas, as we can see in Venezuela, but also in Brazil," said Alonso.
"Venezuela goes through a period of political and economic difficulties that affect the operation of the health service," says the scientist, bearing in mind "historically one of the most developing countries in the fight against malaria. "
The death in financing the fight against malaria is, according to WHO, one of the main burdens of progress.
In 2107 some 3,100 million dollars were invested in the fight against this evil, a figure that remained more stable or less stable in the last eight years, but not enough to achieve the objectives of a Technical Strategy Malaria & World 2016-2030 (EMT). .
The EMT seeks to reduce the number of cases and deaths of 40% compared to 2015, and it would be necessary to increase the annual money from 6.6 billion dollars until 2020.