The increase in temperatures generated by the climatic change can increase in thousands of children born with inherent heart anomalies over the next two decades in eight US state representatives, according to a report published a few days ago back in the specialist Open Access magazine. The study, presented by the American Heart Society (AHA), warns that high temperatures can cause about 7,000 additional cases of inherent heart defects for 11 years. The most affected statements are: Arkansas, California, North Carolina, Georgia, Iowa, New York, Texas and Utah.
"Our findings underline the daunting impact of climate change on human health and highlight the need to improve the willingness to meet the expected increase," said Shao Lin, a professor at the School of Public Health at the University Albania in New York and author. head of study.
The figures obtained are based on "projection of the number of births between 2025 and 2035 in the United States and on the projected increase in the common exposure to mother's heat, in different regions, as a result of a change in the global climate, "explained the report.
The researchers used increased temperature calculations developed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the Goddard Foundation for Space Studies, as well as another study that evaluated the effect of exposure to heat and inherent heart defects between 1997 and 2007 .
The investigation predicted that the data took into account the historical number of excessive heat days, as well as the frequency and duration of extreme high temperature incidents in the areas studied.
In order to prevent incidence of inherent heart defects – "a complex condition that often requires care and continuity throughout life" – the study recommends women "be prudent during the first weeks of pregnancy and avoid extreme heat. "
"It is important that our doctors advise pregnant women and those who intend to become pregnant, the importance of avoiding extreme heat, especially between three and eight weeks after a concept, which is a period of conception," he said. Lin.
In view of such changes, people with cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases should also take care.