Tuesday , March 2 2021

Childhood diabetes: how to identify the disease that affects "Monito" Vidal Life

When the little one Alonso "Monito" Vidal He won the Best Youtuber award at the Copihue de Oro, sends a message to children suffering from diseases.

"I want to tell all the people, the children suffering from diseases, we have no limits and we can do what we want," said the son of Arturo Vidal's football player.

And is Alonso suffering? math 1 diabetes, who has been a problem that has kept his parents worried.

But what is this disease? and what are its symptoms? According to Clínica Bupa, the most common diabetes developing childhood is Diabetes Mellitus Type 1, which affects 90% of children with this chronic disease. The latter is characterized by the production of hyperglycaemia (overhead blood sugar), the result of a lack of insulin in the body.

According to the agency, when a child is diagnosed with diabetes, the role of parents or those in their care is crucial to maintaining their quality of life, developing and performing childhood activities, as the main recommendation is keep control of diabetes.

There are 4 types of diabetes that are more often in childhood, says the clinic. "Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus reaches 90% of diagnosed cases, while 5% of patients from the neonatal phase are affected by Monogeneous Diabetes or MODY. Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 (DM2) is less frequent diabetes. as well as the specific type of diabetes (caused by syndromes, drugs, endocrinopathies, etc.), which affects only 5% of patients ", please state.

Soledad Villanueva, childhood endocrinoleg at the Santiago Bupa Clinic, states that "diabetes in children is considered rather than a life condition that should, if not treated well, do not stop doing it anything, such as sports, high level athletics, skating, among other physical activities ".

In this sense, they indicate that it is important to know that this chronic disease can appear from 6 months of life, making it necessary to control and treat the subordinate insulin administration. In terms of the factors that trigger the development of this type of diabetes in children, endocrinology reveals that "There is a genetic potential and environmental factors that are triggered, there is currently no way to stop it. It is estimated that figures from the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) have 542,000 patients under 15 with DM1, by 2015, with an annual growth of 3% cases ".

As it is a chronic disease, the control and treatment are fundamental, as it can cause harm, diffusion and failure in different organs, especially the eyes, kidneys, nervous system, heart and & Blood pipes, in the long-term children.

"On global diabetes figures in the world, in 2015, 415 million people, children and adults were estimated to have this disease and it is anticipated by 2040 that 642 million people will be diabetic," said Villanueva.

Symptoms and complications

Amongst the most common symptoms caused by diabetes, the endocrinologist identifies the following:

* Frank hyperglycaemia, produced by blood glucose levels (blood sugar) is higher than 200 mg / dl (normal between 70-130 mg / dl).

* Polyuria, that is, an extensive urine exemption. They're going to the bathroom bigger.

* Polyydipsia, exaggeration, fluid and weight loss need to be short-term.

* Polyphagia, a wonderful feeling of hunger.

* Vision blurred

* Abolish growth and increased tendency to develop infections.

Amongst the consequences or complications that long-term management of diabetes can cause, the loss of sight (retinopathy), chronic renal failure (nephropathy), and the risk of developing ulcers (neuropathy), as well with limitations of extremities, point of the clinic.

At cardiovascular level, endocrinology warns: "Patients with diabetes have many cases of developing cardiovascular, cardiovascular, cardiovascular and cardiovascular disease. High blood pressure and changes in lipoprotein metabolism are regular perceptions in this type of patient."

Tips and good practice to look after children's health

In terms of life habits that parents should incorporate children with diabetes, endocrinology recommends following these suggestions:

* Sports in eutrophic children: They are children with normal weight (normal weight) recommended to perform physical activity for 1 hour, 3 times a week. In obesity, the level of physical activity should increase to 1 hour a day, every day, as recommended by the American Pediatric Academy.

* Nutrition contribution: It's similar to a child that is being developed, with a 50% contribution to 55% of carbohydrates, from the total daily calories. Diabetic parents and children must know and treat a carbohydrate count of foods to adjust the insulin dose to administer.

* Insulin management: Endocrinology states that the education that parents have on insulin treatment is essential, especially in days of the disease's crisis. It is important that parents learn to adapt the insulin dose when children play sport, and recommend that "who is in the care of a diabetic child know the concepts of hyperglycemia and hypoglycaemia, its effects and types of insulin that should be administered ".

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