Wednesday , September 28 2022

Bowel intestines reveal wood conversion into biofuels


A team of scientists have discovered that the operation of a crustaceous digestive system could open the door to convert wood into biofuels, according to a study published today by the magazine Nature.

The University-led research (R.Unido) research shows some secrets of the "gribble", a small invertebrate called "termite morol".

These creatures, explaining the authors, carry out an important ecological mission, as they "eat" a great deal of forest that ends in the sea of ​​& # 39; r aberoedd.

There is nuisance for boats and spring structures

At the same time, remember, they can be a nuisance because they also harm the timber and dock structures and structures that have been built with this material.

So far, however, it was not known how the gribble could spend lignin, a resistant organic polymer found in cellular cell walls and cellulose nanofibers.

Experts found that the "maritime termite" intestine contains hemocyanins, protein present in some crustaceans, which, in addition to transporting oxygen and giving their typical blue blood, are key to removing tree sugars.

Scientists hope this perception will help develop sustainable equipment where wood can be converted into low carbon fuel, rather than fossil fuels.

"The gribble is the only small animal that is known to have an infection digestive system. This facilitates the study of their digestive process, compared to other similar creatures , such as termites, who need thousands of bowel microbes to achieve this function, "said the study's top author, Simon McQueen-Mason, from the University of York.

In this way, it emphasizes that the whistle "scary tree" turns "very small pieces", and then it turns to hemocyanins to change the structure of lignin .

"Then the GH7 enzymes, from the same group that the fungi can cut down the trees, then can penetrate the wooded material and release & # 39; r sugars, "added McQueen-Mason.

Woodland plants, the most extensive renewable carbon source on the planet

Experts recall that woodland plant biomass is the most extensive renewable source of carbon on the planet and, unlike the food crops used to produce biofuels, it does not present risks for security food.

"In the long term, this perception could be useful in reducing the amount of energy needed to exert the wood to transform into biofuels," said Neil Bruce, co-author of the study.

Hemocyanin has an increasing effect on cellulose that corresponds to previous treatments developed with thermochemic energy to facilitate biomass hydrolysis, bringing to the expert's conclusion. EFEverde

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