Tuesday , August 9 2022

Acupuncture and its utility to reduce the symptoms of menopause



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Y menopause There is a normal period of female physiology, which results in a shortage of menstruation, due to the expiration of ovarian activity, which usually starts during the fifth decade of life and continues for an average of 4 to 5 years.

Most women report symptoms which is associated with menopause, of different types and density, which could compromise general wellbeing, such as hot flashes, which affects more than three-quarters of menopausal women.

Although this symptomology is being treated, current methods have many adverse and anti-social effects. As in case Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)Although it is effective for many women, it can increase the risk of developing breast cancer in patients with family history.

Due to these risks, in recent years, there have been an increase in Western societies to use calls alternative therapies or complementary, as popularacupuncture.

This Chinese ancient technique is based on qualification
Needles that act by stimulating the skin and other nerve headings
tissue, which sends messages to the brain produces different effects in the
body, such as analgesia or anti-inflammatory action.

There are several scientific studies that have proven the effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment or as ancillary in some pathologies of an organic and / or emotional nature, such as sinusitis, asthma, depression depression, chronic pain, migraine, epilepsy, schizophrenia or arthritis. , among others, with different degrees of success.

In terms of menopause, some studies have considered acupuncture as a potential therapy to mitigate their symptoms, but they have not presented definite evidence in their findings.

Acupuncture and hot flames

The most recent study of acupuncture was carried out by researchers from the University of Copenhagen and the University of South – in Odense – from Denmark, the aim was to evaluate the effects of acupuncture on the reduction of some symptoms associated with menopause. The study's findings were published in the magazine BMJ Agored this week.

In terms of previous studies, the authors state:

"I have been criticized for methodological restrictions, for example, poor design, inadequate sample size, insufficient groups of control or placebo, the absence of standardized protocols and the lack of data on adverse effects"

Therefore, to correct these criticisms and these shortcomings, with a focus on investigating in particular a key symptom: the hot flashes.

The sample consisted of 70 women who went through the menopause, and half of them took a 15 minute session of standard acupuncture for 5 weeks a week; with acupuncturists of extensive drajectory, because they had an average of 14 years experience. Other participants were part of the control group and did not receive any type of treatment.

Each of the women completed a questionnaire to evaluate her experience with the most common symptoms of menopause, including hot flames, sleep disturbance, memory changes, genito-urinary symptoms and skin changes. This data was provided before the study started and after 3, 6, 8, 11 and 26 weeks.

After only 3 weeks, participants in the acupuncture group commented a reduction in hot flames. After 6 weeks, 80% of the girls in the group who participated in these sessions believed they had helped them, so Not only would acupuncture reduce hot flames, but it also suffered a reduction in the amount of sweating – including night sweatshirts – sleep disorders, emotional-like symptoms, and stunning capillary problems.

Usefulness and limitations of study

Although the results are considered statistically significant, the authors indicate that the sample size is small and the length of the study is short.

In addition, in the absence of a placebo that should be used in the control group, it removes from the perceptions, as the authors explain: "Currently, there is no valid placebo comparator for acupuncture", Because the placebo effect can have more impact in those situations where a person gets personal attention from a professional, rather than administering medication.

There is a technique of the name simulation acupuncture, which is very similar to the standard acupuncture and that researchers could believe that it is useful in future studies. Its difference is that the acupunctor does not use the needles to the acupuncture points or do not reach the skin with them.

But this type of technique is not ideal as control, since placebo must be inactive, but the lungs have an effect that could not be defined as neutral, compared to true places where researchers explain: "A study that evaluates simulations against real acupuncture is not a placebo-controlled study, but a study that evaluates two different types of acupuncture"

The question is that, in the absence of a sufficient placebo that covers this deficiency when studying acupuncture, it is not known whether the discharge provided by this technique can be compared Benefits proven, for example, due to a doctor's care, relaxation massage and rest or another type of comfort interaction, in addition to the increasing impact of the patient's own expectations.

But despite these
restrictions and objections, if women who are treated with acupuncture have seen
Improvements in her symptomology could be a valid technique to improve
their quality of life and revalidation and the new stage they are doing.

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