Friday , August 19 2022

Venezuela's crisis threatens a disease epidemic across the continent – experts | Global development



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Experts have warned of an epidemic of diseases such as malaria and dengue on an unprecedented scale in Latin America following the collapse of the healthcare system in Venezuela.

Overseas public health earnings could be disregarded during the last 18 years if Venezuela does not help to control the causes of spreading of malaria, Zika, dengue and other diseases that cause its people, experts have warned in a report published in the Lancet Infectious Disease magazine.

Venezuela was once a regional leader in malaria control, but as healthcare has deteriorated, the mass report of trained doctors, says the report, created a "public of a hemispheric concern" public crisis.

"These diseases have already extended to Britain and neighboring Cholombia, and with more air travel and human migration, most of the region are Latin America and Caribbean ( as well as some US cities that carry out the Venezuelan diaspora, including Miami and Houston) are facing a greater risk for the re-emergence of diseases, "said the paper.

Venezuela's current look can be traced to a revolution that went extremely wrong.

When Hugo Chavez, a former military officer, was elected president in 1998, he inherited a middle income country who had crossed by deep inequality. Chávez led an attempt to fight aggressive in 1992 and after gaining power through the ballot box, he went to transform society. Chavez spent a wide range of social reforms as part of the Bolivarian revolution, funded with the help of high oil profits – but also avoids a parliament with a new constitution in 1999.

The terrorism of parliamentary democracy – and the spread of pollution and mismanagement in state-run enterprises – has escalated after 2010 falling in oil prices. Economic warfare led & # 39; Chavez against the lack of hyperinflation and the collapse of the private sector industry. The assault in the economy between 2013 and 2017 was worse than the US in the Great Depression.

In an attempt to stabilize the economy and control essential price prices, Chávez introduced strict controls on the exchange of foreign currency, but the mechanism soon became a tool for corruption.

When Chávez died of cancer, he was taken by his foreign minister, Nicolás Maduro, who has intensified his mentor's approach to responding to the economic barn down by focusing on power, judging by ruling and political recollection .


Photograph: HANDOUT / X80001

Lead author Dr Martin Llewellyn, who has been based at Glasgow University, has called for global action. "The re-emergence of diseases such as malaria in Venezuela has established an epidemic of unexpected shares, not only in the country but across the whole region," he said.

"Based on the data we've collected, we would urge national, regional and global authorities to take immediate action to address these epidemics worsen and stop expanding beyond Venezuelan boundaries. "

He said the figures did not probably estimate because the government expired to the organization responsible for collecting data for the World Health Organization.

"Venezuelan clinicians associated with this study have also been threatened with a prison, while laboratories have been robbed by militias, it has hard drives from computers, microscopes and other medical equipment," he said. .

People stay outside of a health center in San Felix, Venezuela, as they wait for treatment for malaria.



People stay outside of a health center in San Felix, Venezuela, as they wait for treatment for malaria. Photograph: William Urdaneta / Reuters

Malaria cases, in a certified country to eliminate the disease, increased in 1961, by 359% between 2010-15, from 29,736 to 136,402. They had risen 71% from 2016-17, to 411,586, due to a decline in the control of mosquitoes and a shortage of antimalator drugs.

The epidemic has been carried out by the rise of illegal mining in the jungle near the southern border with Brazil, where reserves of the disease survived despite its official abolition throughout the country .

Venezuelans had flown to the area in recent years to dig and pan for gold in mines and wildlife, as the economy collapsed and inflated wounds for professionals and employees.

Stagnant water in ponds and apple camps provided perfect breeding ground for mosquitoes, and malaria was soon endemic in many mines. Some miners and their families have suffered dozens of the disease of the disease.

One woman working near Tumeremo said that her four year old had already got 13 patients of malaria. After the last one, doctors warned her: "You must choose – your daughter or your pond." He moved to a different pool, but the family can not afford to leave the area.

The nature over mining works means that the area's problems have gradually affected the country's extensive rates, as infected workers take the home of the disease with gold, reintroducing malaria into areas where it was eliminated.

"I've never been in the ponds," said David Guevara, a 39-year-old crew builder for malaria treatment at the industrial guy of Guyana, almost 125 miles (200km) from the nearest mining camps.

Here's a second episode of the disease. "There are no controls [on malaria] now, "he said." And here are the children who pay for this. "

Workers excavate to look for gold at an illegal mining camp near Tumeremo in the province of Venezuela Bolívar.



Workers excavate to look for gold at an illegal mining camp near Tumeremo in the province of Venezuela Bolívar. Photograph: Carlos Garcia Rawlins / Reuters

There was very little malaria in the city before 2015, but now the government clinic where she is seeking medical help is always busy.

"There's an epidemic here now. It's a mistake that you have to go to the mines to get," said Marina Gutierrez, who is 25 years old who has got eight squares of malaria over the last year and was in the clinic to ask for help with her daughter. "She had just finished the procedure two weeks ago. She was removed and then came back."

Geraldine Flores blames a serious cause of malaria for her son's early birth. He went to work with Yelbi Josue after she came down with her illness when she was seven months pregnant and worked in the coal mines.

The Chagas disease, one of the main causes of heart failure in Latin America, may restate, says the review. Dengue has risen more than five times between 2010-16. Six major epidemics were recorded between 2007-16, compared to four in the previous 16 years.

The authors say that there is an epidemic potential by chikungunya and Zika. It was estimated that there were 2 million suspected chikungunya cases in 2014, more than 12 times the official estimate.

"We call on the members of the Organization of the United States of America and other international political bodies to apply more pressure to the Venezuelan government to accept the humanitarian aid offered by the international community in order to strengthen the booking health system.

"Without such attempts, the public health gains achieved over the last 18 years could soon be reversed," said Llewellyn.

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