Not back ago, measles cases were very far away.
At B.C., there were two cases in 2016 and only one in 2017. Last year, six cases were confirmed.
The last cases of measles in B.C. in 2014 when 343 cases were reported. Those cases were related to a case in a religious community that did not refuse vaccination.
Last week, the Health Coast Vancouver told a measles of measles in the city after as many as nine cases were reported in Vancouver.
Here's how we've arrived here and what you need to know.
January / February 2019: A confirmed person visited a measles in the emergency room at B.C. Children's Hospital during the following times:
• January 21, 2019 – 10 a.m. i 6:10 p.m.
• January 23, 2019 – 4:45 p.m. i 11:10 p.m.
• January 24, 2019 – 8:13 a.m. i 11:40 a.m.
• February 1, 2019 – 2:05 p.m. i 6:55 p.m.
If you have also visited those days during those times, contact your healthcare provider.
January 25, 2019: Washington declared a state of emergency due to the incidence of measles. From February 17, a total of 62 cases were confirmed, but there was no evidence that the cases in Washington had been connected to those in B.C.
February 9, 2019: The first B.C confirmed the measles case leading to the current cases. When this case was confirmed, it was beyond the point of being infectious.
February 13, 2019: VCH announced a second case of the measles to be confirmed in the city; there are no signs that are related to the first case. The patient was a child of school age that was infected locally, not when traveling abroad.
February 14, 2019: Online petition calling on the province to make mandatory vaccinations in B.C. schools have raised a traction. Only one day after the publication of the second measles case, the petition had already transported more than 1,800 signatures. Five days later, the petition has nearly 27,000 signatures.
February 2019: An individual had confirmed that measles had visited the following locations at these times:
• February 15, 5:30 a.m. until 9:30 a.m. – Russel Sean Fitness, Richmond
• February 15, 9 a.m. until 11:30 a.m. – Canada Line o Deleted from Broadway, City Hall Station to Llangara 49th Avenue
• February 15, 9 a.m. until 4:30 p.m. – Langara College, Tech Building, Vancouver
• February 15, 3 p.m. i 5:30 p.m. – Chek Sports, Richmond Center
• February 17, 12:30 p.m. i 2:30 p.m. – Starbucks, No. 1 Road and Bayview, Richmond
• February 17, 1:00 p.m. i 3:45 p.m. – Dave Fish and Chips, Steveston
• February 18, 9:45 a.m. i 11:45 a.m. – McDonald's Restaurant, Squamish
• February 18, 11:00 a.m. i 7:15 p.m. – Scandinave Spa, Whistler
February 15, 2019: Health officials confirmed that there were a number of cases in measles in three French schools in Vancouver: École Jules-Verne, École Anne-Hébert to École Rose-Des-Vents. Cases occur among staff, students and members of the family that are related to the schools.
February 18, 2019: Burnaby's high-risk baby must now wait the incubation period after being exposed to the virus that could be fatal during a visit to B.C. Children's Hospital on February 1. Read the interview with Postmedia here.
February 19, 2019: In an update, VCH stated that no new cases had been reported between February 15 and February 19. At the time of the update, VCH confirmed 33 students and one member of staff was asked to stay at home to prevent the possible spread of measles. The 34 individuals, who have either not been vaccinated or have not been able to show an immunization test, come from École Jules-Verne and École Rose-Des-Vents.
February 20, 2019: VCH said that two other people associated with École Jules-Verne and École Rose-Des-Vents were asked to stay in their homes, bringing the number of people monitored for measles possible to 36 .
February 22, 2019:VCH added two additional cases of measles. Health officials, in confirming the additional cases, have also released a list of times and locations where an infected person with measles could have exposed the disease to others. See February 2019.
More to come.
What is the bargain with measles and what do I know?
Measles are very infectious. High. It can be spread by coughing, sneezing, breathing the air with an infected person, sharing food or drink, sharing a cigarette and something, even through a pig with a measles.
The measles virus can survive for several hours in small air links.
Most people will recover but those with a weak or infant immune system may experience serious complications. Those may include encephalitis (infection and inflammation of the brain), meningitis, pneumonia, deafness and liver infection.
Measles in B.C. usually rare and associated with cases of non-vaccinated residents returning from overseas travel.
How do I know if I have a rash?
The incubation period is about 10 days and the symptoms include fever, cough, red nose and red eyes, then a rash that starts on the body and spreads to & # 39 ; r members. The vaccine lasts for at least three days. You may also have small white spaces inside your mouth.
The symptoms can start as soon as one week after being infected.
Some people may have a rash, infectious and do not even know it. Those who have been infected can spread the virus anywhere in four days before four days after a rash appears.
How do I protect against measles? How do I know if I have been vaccinated?
Health officials recommend two doses of the MMR (measles-pump) vaccine to be fully protected against measles. The first immunization is usually accepted during one age, while the second usually comes before starting a kindergarten.
If you are not sure if you have been vaccinated, the first stopping is checking health records.
Having born in or after 1994 here at B.C.? You are likely to be immune because those born in or after 1994 here are B.C. have had two doses of the MMR vaccine (mumps and measles rubella), the first dose when they turn year old and second before starting & # 39 ; r kindergarten, as part of routine vaccinations.
Born between 1970 and 1994? Go out outside B.C.? You may have received only one dose of the MMR vaccine. You will need a second dose to be protected.
Born before 1970? Or have you already had the measles in the past? You are likely to be immune.
Can not remember if you have had a dose of the vaccine? Canada Center for Disease Diseases states that adults with no evidence of immunity have at least one dose of MMR. It's absolutely safe to get the vaccine again.
Why have some people chosen not to be vaccinated?
Let's have one thing clear: The MMR vaccine is safe and can prevent the disease. But an information notification campaign in recent years has caused a reduction in vaccination rates.
Much of the discomfort is related to a study published in 1998 in The Lancet's medical magazine and allegedly claimed that the vaccine had been in contact with autism. That study has been remembered since then and his author has revoked his license.
Among those who have suffered the study, the Canadian Public Health Agency, the World Health Organization, the British Medical Board, and the American Center for Disease Control, are among other world agencies.
I have not vaccinated and I have been exposed to measles. What now? How do I treat it?
If you have been exposed to measles and you are not vaccinated, you will need to have a dose of the MMR vaccine within 72 hours to come to obvious to prevent the illness.
But wait – do not go to the emergency room or doctor's office without first call. Be very infectious and the last thing you want is to spread it further. Advance demand will allow doctors to make arrangements for you to reach and make sure that you are just from other patients who are vulnerable.
Map of possible measles exposure
Click on the top left corner to expand a list of placements where the measles have been spread. Click on each point to see the date and time of exposure.
-With files from Tiffany Crawford, Postmedia