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Quadruple Opioid Overdose Deaths, has concentrated in 8 countries



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FRIDAY, February 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) – US opioid overdose deaths have quartered over the past two decades, and the highest rates are now seen in eight countries in the East, New study shows.

Those who say are: Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, New Hampshire and Ohio.

The researchers also found that the rate of death of opioids has increased the fastest in the Columbia District, more than traveling each year since 2013, and that the opioid death rates in Florida and Pennsylvania doubled every two years.

"Although opioid-related deaths have been stereotyped as a rural, low-income phenomenon centered among Appalachian or Midwestern states, it has spread rapidly, especially among the states of the East," the researchers wrote .

The analysis of data from the US Census and the National Center for Health Statistics suggests that the opioid overdose epidemic has evolved as three waves.

The first wave, from the 1990s to 2010, was associated with opioid painkillers (such as OxyContin). The second wave, from 2010 until recently, was associated with a major rise in heroin-related deaths. The third wave and current wave, which started around 2013, mean a rapid increase in fatalities associated with synthetic opioids, such as tramadol (Ultram) and fentanyl.

Synthetic opioids have probably contaminated the production of illegal drugs, such as cocaine and methamphetamine, and is no longer restricted to heroin, says study author Mathew Kiang, a postdoctoral scholar at Stanford University.

"People are not aware that their drugs have been killed and more robust than expectation, putting them at higher risk of oversight," Kiang explained in a university news release.

The researchers also found that opioid overdose deaths occur in a wider range of people, and there has been a significant increase in opioid overdose deaths among black Americans.

The 26 per cent increase in opioid overdose deaths in the UK between 2016 and 2017 is the greatest increase among any racial group, according to U.S. Centers. for Disease Control and Prevention.

The new online study was published on February 22 at Open the JAMA Network.

"The identification and character of hot opioid areas – in terms of high mortality rates and rising death trends – can allow better targeted policies that go to & # 39 ; addressing the current state of the epidemic and the needs of the population, "Kiang and his colleagues said.

The study authors stated that statements are trying to tackle the opioid crisis through policies such as restricting the supply of opioid prescription suppressors and the treatment and expansion and access to opioid overdose drug naloxone -drown (Narcan).

"The treatment of opioid disorder should be a priority for us to prevent the problem," said Kiang. "Similarly, we have the ability to withstand the effects of overdose. Life-saving drugs should be readily available and widely available."

More information

The U.S. National Foundation on Drug Abuse more about the opioid overdose crisis.

SOURCE: Stanford University, news release, February 22, 2019

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