Thursday , July 7 2022

NASA's first flight to the moon, Apollo 8, celebrates 50 years



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CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Fifty years ago on Christmas Eve, an exciting year of murders, riots and war ended in an aristocratic and hopeful way with the three Apollo 8 astronauts reading the Genesis Book on live television as they set the moon .

Until today, that mission in 1968 is considered to be a most dangerous and dangerous hazardous NASA. The first trip from people to another world sets the stage for Apollo 11 moon landing up seven months later.

There was an incredible risk in advance and a disadvantage to put three men up on an incredible new rocket for the first time and send them all to the moon. The mission was whipped in just four months to reach the moon by the end of the year, before the Soviet Union.

The Old Testament was read by the commander Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and Bill Anders.

Finally, the picture of the name "Earthrise" shows our blue and white ball – humanity home – rises above the gray landscape, gray mold and 240,000 miles (386 million kilometers) in the distance .

Men had never put eyes on the far side of the moon, or on our planet as cosmic lessons, surrounded by the black space space completely. By half a century later, only 24 American astronauts flying to the moon have seen these wonderful scenes in person.

The Apollo 8 crew is still around: Borman and Lovell are 90, and Anders is 85.

In Lovell, the trip had a great experience and romance of true exploration, which gave Americans a growing cap for a painful, controversial year marked by the murders of Martin Luther King Jr and Robert Kennedy, national riots and the protests of the Vietnam War.

Perhaps the impact of the best mission could be voiced in a four word telegram received by Borman. "Thank you, you saved 1968."

NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine – who was 43 years old had lost Apollo – wonders for the tough decision in August of that year to launch a moonstrip in four months. It's pressing to return to the moon, but with real sustainability the next time.

The space agency had turned trips and decided that Borman and his crew would fly to the moon to beat the Soviet and prepare the way for lunch to come. And yet on his previous test flight, the Saturn V rocket lost parts and machines.

"Even more concerned than all this," said Bridenstine earlier this month, Apollo 8 would be in an orbit around the moon on Christmas Eve and Christmas Day. "In other words, if there was a failure here, it would be spoiled for Christmas not only for everyone in the United States, but to everyone in the world."

As that first moon had fallen closer, Borman's wife, Susan, was required to know about the crew's opportunities. NASA's director replied: 50-50.

Borman wanted to reach the moon and go back quickly. In his mind, one lap around the moon would be enough. His headteachers demanded more.

"My main concern in all this trip was to get to the Russians and go home. That was a significant achievement in my eyes," explained Borman at the launch of Chicago of the "Rocket Men" book last spring.

Everyone finally agreed: It would be ten things.

Liftoff from Saturn V took place on Saturday morning, December 21, 1968.

On Christmas Eve, the spacecraft slipped completely to an orbit around the moon. Before bedtime, the first deceased took another world after reading the first 10 verses of Genesis. Borman was left, before the trip, to find "something appropriate" to say what was expected to be the most broadcast audience so far.

"We've all tried some time to identify something, and everything came off or foolishly," said Borman. Finally, the friend of a friend came to the Genesis idea.

"At the beginning," Anders read, "God created heaven and earth …"

Borman came to an end with the broadcast, "And from the Apollo 8 crew, we close with a good evening, good luck, Merry Christmas, and God blesses all of you – all of you on the Good Earth."

On Christmas morning, their spacecraft went around the moon for the last time. The engine needed to fire to shoot back to Earth when the capsule was out of communication with Mission Control in Houston. Lovell broke the nervous silence as the ship re-emerged: "Let Santa Claus know."

Back in Houston, meanwhile, a limousine driver hit Marilyn Lovell's door and gave her food to wrap with a donation with a reading card: "To Marilyn, Merry Christmas by the man in the moon. " Lovell bought the cot for his wife and arranged her fancy supply before a lift.

Splashdown happened in the dark before morning on December 27, bringing the incredible six-day journey to an end. A time magazine named the three astronauts "Man of the Year."

It was not until after the astronauts were back that the significance of their Earth's images was sinking.

Anders left an iconic Earthrise photograph during the fourth crew of the crew, changing fiercely from a black-and-white film to a color film to capture the beautiful, fragile beauty of the planet.

"Oh my God, look at that picture there!" Anders said. "The Earth is coming up. Wow, that's pretty!"

Before the trip, nobody thought of photographing the Earth, according to Anders. The astronauts were ordered to have pictures for potential nuts and a total of 70 miles (112km) above the moon.

"We came to explore the moon and what was discovered was the Earth," Anders likes to say.

Its Earthrise picture is a pillar of environmental movement today. He continues to be a legacy of Apollo and humanity, said professor John Logsdon's emeritus from the Washington Institute of Space Policy Institute, never underlines the absence of political boundaries as seen from space.

Anders thought then – and now – "This is not a great place, why can not we go on?"

Lovell is still curious as she could hide all the Earth behind her thumb.

"It was behind 3 billion people, mountains, oceans, deserts, everything I ever knew, behind my mud," he told a Washington Cathedral celebration.

Conservative-artist Nicole Stott said the golden birthday is an opportunity to reintroduce the world to Earthrise. She and three other space passengers hold a celebration at NASA Kennedy Space Center on Friday, 50 years to the day and launched Apollo 8.

"The same image, I believe, who gives us who we are and where we are in this universe is so beautiful," he said.

By July 1969, Apollo 8 was covered by Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin in moonlight. But without Apollo 8, Logsdon George Washington stated that NASA would not be likely to meet the deadline of President John F. Kennedy to put a man on the moon by the end of the decade.

Borman and Anders were never flying in space again, and Soviet cosmopolites were not made to the moon.

Lovell went on to command the Amazing Apollo 13 – "but that's another story." That trip was the most difficult, he said, "But Apollo 8 was one of the exams, one of the repeat of the Lewis and Clark … campaign of the new Earth."

– AP video journalist Federica Narancio contributed to this Washington report.

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The Department of Health and Associated Press Science receives support from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute Science Education Department. The AP is solely responsible for all content.

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