Every year, 435,000 American women have heart attacks. Nearly 20% are under 65. In reality, heart attacks kille six times as much as women with breast cancer.
However, women are not always evaluated and treated appropriately for their heart attack, especially when compared to men, there are research shows.
One study found, for example, that women were less likely to have beta barriers and other common medicines and therapies to control their heart attack or to follow certain standard procedures such as angiography.
"Women do not get the same care as men," said Suzanne Steinbaum, a cardiologist at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City and a volunteer medical specialist for the American Heart Society Women's Goal campaign.
"It could be because heart disease is not considered to be a disease of women, but that is not really," he said. "Heart disease kills more women than all cancer with each other."
Women can take strong steps to improve their crossing of the right treatment for heart attack.
1. Advocate for yourself
The 2018 study published in Aberystwyth Circulation, American Heart Society magazine, similar symptoms, 53% of women, said their doctor did not think that their symptoms were heart-related, against 37% of men.
"The most powerful thing a girl can say is, I can believe I have a heart attack." Steinbaum said. "When she says that, he sets a train of activity and thinking processes in the team that cares for it. That simple statement can be a life-saving measure." O
2. You may not be sure to be a heart attack – try help anyway
Women stay 30% longer than men – about half an hour-before looking after care, on average, according to the August 2018 study published in Current Cardiology Reports.
"One of the reasons women delay treatment is that they are worried about becoming silly if their symptoms did not have a heart attack," said Nieca Goldberg, medical director Joan H. Tisch's Ancient Monuments Center for Women's Health at NYU Medical Center Langone.
These cuts can snowball. After arriving at the hospital, women stay 20% longer than men to be cared for, according to the same study.
"When women meet out for help, there are delays in care, that's the EMT in the field or doctors who see women in the emergency room," said Steinbaum.
3. Go on the phone, not on the internet
Women who suspect they have a heart attack often take aspirin and go online to check their symptoms. says Goldberg
"If you're considering taking aspirin because you may have a heart attack, call 911 at the same time," says Goldberg.
4. Describe – but do not interpret – your symptoms
When did the symptoms start? How long did they last? Did you sleep or sleep when you're experiencing it? What do they like?
Do not discount symptoms by assuming they are from anxiety, stress, violence or insomnia. One study found that 21% of women attributed their symptoms to stress or anxiety, compared to 12% of men.
5. Talk about your risk factors
Do not assume that your healthcare team has reviewed your records. Let them know if you have high blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol levels, diabetes, or family history of heart disease, says Goldberg.
If you have not been in the doctor in a while, it's added, say you do not know if you have risk factors because you have not recently been evaluated.
6. Talk about gender prejudice
Women are more likely to survive a heart attack if their doctor is female.
Goldberg would not go as far as recommending asking a female doctor, but you can highlight the possibility of gender prejudice.
You can ask your doctor what the recommended treatment plan would be if a man presented their symptoms.
And ask for stentage and bypass. These life-saving procedures are more commonly recommended for men than women.
"I tell every woman who needs to have a relationship with a doctor," said Steinbaum. "They need to feel heard and understood. It's not important if it's a man or a woman, but it must be someone who's a child; They really understand and have it. If they do not feel they are being heard or taken seriously, they should have another doctor. "
7. Look for a range of symptoms
Over 85% of women and men who have a heart attack pay attention to the pain, weight, drainage or discomfort of the chest. But women are more likely to have three or more additional symptoms such as breath shortages, nausea, or abdomen, shoulder, mouth or throat.
"Women can be harder to diagnose because their symptoms are so esoteric," said Steinbaum.
8. Do not think that you are too young
"Age is not something that runs in a heart attack or out," said Goldberg.
Assuming that you are too young to have one, you could keep you from the care you need to survive. A large study of more than 28,000 people in a hospital for a heart attack included men and women who start 35.