Transport Canada has set new stringent security rules in an attempt to ensure that pilots are well restored and warned.
The new regulations have been designed to restrict any activity that could impair the ability of the pilot to carry out duties, and affect major large and international regional carriers.
The Aviation Canada Reform Regulations, published on Wednesday by Transport Minister, Marc Garneau, also restricts the length of flight pilots to deal with horse tiredness, and to restrict the European Union and # 39 ; r European Union.
Pilots are banned from drinking alcohol for 12 hours before flying, an increase of the current eight-hour limit.
A number of airlines, including Air Canada, have already announced a general ban on the consumption of cannabis on and off duty. The new regulations are not going to address marijuana in particular, but the current regulations prohibit all people in jobs that are sensitive to security from working if they have disorder
It is illegal to fly an aircraft under the influence of cannabis.
Garneau said that the new regulations complement scientific data, international standards and best practice today, and respond to concerns raised by communities, pilots and airlines.
"I am confident that these new regulations will reduce the tiredness of a pilot and make the air safer safer," he said during a news conference on Parliament Hill.
Garneau said there will be exceptions for special flights such as medical vacancies and aircraft used for emergencies such as fights fighting. Companies carrying cargo cargo or remote regions can seek flexibility through a fatigue risk management system.
Flight, duty deadlines
The changes also spell flight limits and new duty arrangements.
The current Canadian rules set in the 1970s allow a working day of 14 hours in a row of 24 hours; New rules set between 9 and 13 hours.
The flight limit is determined by many factors, including when the crew starts a shift.
The time of the duty will depend on the time the journey starts. A pilot that goes away, for example, at 8 a.m., will have a period of duty longer than a pilot that takes place at 11 p.m. because Transport Canada says that pilots are shown to be more alert and aware in some days of day.
How many times a pilot will go away and land will also be a factor that determines the length of the duty. The new rules will consider the tiredness aspect of the number of extinguishers and landings that a pilot must have.
The Canadian Air Line Pilot Association (ALPA) said Canada's regulations have been recognized for a long time inadequate, and the announcement said "late."
& # 39; Significant improvement & # 39;
"We have worked diligently to get latest regulations on the basis of science, flight and duty arrangements, which has been for many years in one of the most important aircraft security issues for flight crews in Canada," said Dan Adamus, ALPA president of Canada.
"Although the regulations published today are not going to address all the concerns and recommendations, they are a significant improvement over the current rules and will improve the safety of aircraft."
The association said that regulations brought Canada in line with the rest of the world and will improve security for passengers and flight crews.
Changes to the costing regulations of the air industry are expected to be around $ 337 million over 15 years, mainly due to the need for further pilots.
Large-flight airlines will have two years to implement the new regulations and smaller operators will have four years.