- New research has identified the areas of the brain that are associated with an obsessive-compulsory disorder, or an OCD.
- Researchers analyzed brain scans of almost 500 people with and without OCD.
- It was found that, compared to those without OCD, people with the condition have more activity in the brain areas associated with the recognition of mistakes, but less activity in the brain areas ; n help to stop mistakes.
- The perception could set the work for better OCD treatment, the authors said.
New brain analytics research by almost 500 people can provide clues to help experts to better treat obsessive-compulsory disorder (OCD), the mental health condition that is characterized by reuseful reusing thoughts and behaviors .
Researchers combined the results of 10 previous studies and compared people with and without OCD. In those studies, participants took official MRI scans that looked at their brain activity during two functions: processing errors and preventative control, a process that allows behavior management and minds.
Their results, published on Thursday in the Biological Psychiatry magazine, showed that – compared to people without the condition – individuals with OCD had more activity in the brain areas associated with the recognition of mistakes, but less activity in the brain areas associated with actions, according to the University of Michigan statement about the research.
"These results show that, in OCD, the brain responds too much to mistakes, and too much to stop signals," said Luke Norman, PhD, leading study author, the University of Michigan's postdoctoral research, in the statement.
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The research focused on the cingulo-opercular network, a collection of brain areas that act as "monitoring" for errors and the need to give action to the best, the statement added. The new analysis suggests that the brain of OCD patients could be stuck in mandatory "links", which the authors wrote study. Even if the brain flashes OCD's mind or behavior is incorrect, it may not have the power to stop it.
Generally, those with OCD have no control over their obsessions (spontaneous thoughts that provoke distress) and compulsion (behaviors that arise in response to those obsessions), even if they know those thoughts and behaviors excessively, according to the National Institute for Mental Health. (For example, common obsession fears germs or contamination, and ordinary orders include excessive hand washing or cleaning.)
OCD cases are still unknown, but the new research suggests that specific error processing abnormalities deep inside the brain could play a part in the condition.
Experts had suspected these abnormalities were part of OCD, Norman stated in the statement, but this was not "collectively shown" as many participants did not have individual studies.
"By combining data from ten studies, and almost 500 healthy patients and volunteers, we could see how long-presumed brain circuits to be essential for OCD are really about disorder," he added.
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The new research does not prove that the differences of the brain seen in OCD patients are a definitive cause of the condition. The data used by the researchers does not show whether those differences can be a cause or as a result of the OCD, the university statement explained.
"We need more work to improve our understanding of how the performance and brain abnormalities are associated with OCD symptoms," the authors wrote in the paper.
But knowing more about the brain of OCD patients can help to address future researchers towards better treatment.
At present, OCD treatment usually includes psychotherapy, medicines, or a combination of both, but some patients are still experiencing problems with symptoms, according to the NIMH.
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"In cognitive behavioral therapy sessions for OCD, we are working to help patients identify, confront and resist their enforcement … but only about half of the patients are working," said Kate Fitzgerald, a teacher & 39; r Psychiatry at the University of Michigan, author of the new paper, he said in the statement. "Through this way, we hope we can make CBT more effective, or lead new treatments."
"This is not a serious severe problem of behavior," he added. "OCD is a medical problem, not a fault of anyone. With brain imaging we can study as heart experts studying their patients EKGs – and we can use that information to improve the care and lives of people with OCD."
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