Sunday , August 7 2022

A comprehensive, international review of bupers worldwide


Comprehensive and multinational review of peppers / chilis (Capsicum species) with an academic and scientific contribution of points across the world, such as Argentina, Brazil, Taiwan, Mexico, Italy, Hungary, Austria, and the US intend to explore different aspects of interest in this crop of horticultural importance.

Robert Jarret of the USDA Agricultural Research Service, Plant Genetic Resource Unit, co-ordinated the 18-member team's efforts as they embodied into a global assembling phenomenon of breadth and diversity Capsicum.

Their exposure findings have been illustrated in a comprehensive article of the name "Capsicum – Compendiwm Cryno "published in the current edition of Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science.

Capsicum is a large vegetable crop and spice crop around the world. Global production of fresh and dry fruits continues to grow steadily in terms of area harvesting and total product. Asia today contributes around 65% of global pepper production, but America, Europe and Africa contribute 13.3%, 11.9%, and 10.1%, respectively.

Various things are covered in this review, including recent additions and explanation Capsicum taxonomy, Capsicum genetic resources, cytogenetic studies, the use of gen mutation to explain carotenoid and regulatory biosynthetic paths, capsaicinoid biosynthesis, and recent developments following the organization and a whole genome assembly.

Archaeological data refers to the use of Capsicum Species such as spices as soon as 5500 BCE. The crop was first introduced to Europe by Christopher Columbus during its 15th century trips. He later dispersed to countries in Africa and Asia through the prosperous trade routes of Spain and Portugal operating at that time. As it spreads around the world, it has been adopted rapidly and has been used as a spice and causes many regional types.

The growing value of the pepper crop fits its role in international trade. However, there is a genetic variation with the genus Capsicum shows itself in its ability to summarize and produce crop in a wide variety of environments. This is reflected in the number of countries that are generated in it. Fresh pepper is treated in around 126 countries and pepper having dried in about 70 countries.

Although developed countries are still the main producers of pepper crops, its growth provides an important source of income for small producers in many developing countries. The global value of fresh and dry pepper crops is estimated at around $ 30 billion and $ 3.8 billion, respectively.

Gene genes are considered as providers of the raw materials that often depend on crop improvement activities. Pepper germplasm collections are available to provide seeds of different types of fruit and plants and taxes for crop improvement and associated research activities. Two of the largest collections of Capsicum germplasm are some of the World Vegetable Center in Taiwan and the USDA in Griffin, Georgia. The WVC and USDA currently carry out operational collections of 8264 and 4953 of access, respectively.

Capsaicinoids are compounds that are unique to the genus Capsicum and they are responsible for the pepper (heat) pepper fruits. Apart from spices such as spices, capsaicinoids have established medicinal and antimicrobial characteristics and can affect the spreading and survival of seeds. Developments in the understanding of the molecular biology of the biosynthetic capsaicinoid path have often focused on identifying new candidate genes, the characteristic of the previously identified key genes, and exploring potential regulatory mechanisms.

Progress has been evident in the protection and character of genetic diversity Capsicum. However, a thorough assessment of diversity has not yet been undertaken. Field studies supported by molecular and psychological / psychological analyzes continue to provide new information that promotes understanding of taxonomic and broad genetic relationships.

The potential of the information presented in this review, to supplement crop improvement activities, has enough resources to employ and improve and expand this information.

Jarret added, "In the world of expertise that focuses on hyper today, this article seeks to provide a researcher with a multidisciplinary overview of international research efforts with Capsicum. It is hoped that this review will inform the reader and inspire greater interest and co-operation among scientists to address the number of questions about botany, physiology , genetics, genomics, etc. of this important crop plant (and associated taxes) that are left to get a solution. "


Source link