The World Health Organization warned Monday, November 12, 2018 against the dangerous rise in the use of antibiotics in some countries, but also those that are grown in other regions, which result in the emergence "mortal gorgyffugs" ".
After discovering in the 1920s, antibiotics saved tens of millions of lives by effectively fighting bacteriological diseases such as pneumonia, tuberculosis and meningitis. But over the decades, bacteria have changed to resist these drugs. I'm the point that "Antibiotic resistance is one of the most serious threats to global health, food safety and development"warn the WHO."For an increasing number of infections, such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, sepsis and gonorrhea, and food-borne diseases, treatment becomes more difficult, sometimes impossible, due to the loss of antibiotic effectiveness"warns the institution, fearing the"from a postatibiotic period where common infections and small wounds are again fatal".
Antibiotics that are used too low
"Extinguishing and unde-using antibiotics are major causes of antimicrobial resistanceSuzanne Hill, head of the WHO's Essential Medicines Unit, said in a statement that bacteria can resist when patients use unnecessary antibiotics or do not finish their treatment, giving the chance to survive bacteria and immunity development From the opposite, resistance can also occur "when patients can not afford full treatment or have access to subordinate or illegal drugs only", the report noted.
The WHO-based data collected in 2015 in 65 countries and regions shows a significant difference in usage, ranging from 4 doses defined per day per 1,000 population per day in Burundi to more than 64 in Mongolia. "These differences show that some countries are likely to use too many antibiotics while others will not have sufficient access to these drugs."warned the WHO in a statement.
EUROPE. In Europe, the average use of antibiotics covers 18 DDJ per 1,000 inhabitants per day, with Turkey (38 DDJ) leading, almost 5 times more than the last of the site, Azerbaijan ( 8 DDJ). However, WHO recognizes that its report is incomplete because it includes only four African countries, three Middle East and six Asian Asian-Pacific Countrys. The main absent of this study includes the United States, China and India.
"Without effective antimicrobials and other antimicrobial drugs, we will lose our ability to treat common infections such as pneumonia"warns Suzanne Hill."We have to slow down the development and spread of resistance so that the antibiotics that we have available continue to be effective as long as possibleDr. Marc Sprenger, Director of the World Anti-Resistant Secretariat Secretariat, advises when taking antibiotics to go "always at the end of the treatment, even if you're feeling better, because stopping the treatment too early helps to promote the growth of drug-resistant bacteriaWHO also advises to restrict the spread of infections, "immunization, washing hands, safer sex and good food hygiene"Other tips: never ask for antibiotics against the carer's advice, and prepare the food"Respect the key for healthier foods (keep them clean, separate raw foods and cook, cook and well, keep them at a suitable temperature)".
What do I do at its level? The answer in this infography of the WHO, could be obtained by clicking here.
Find new treatments
Microbial resistance can affect anyone, at any age and in any country. WHO warned several times that the world was going to be out of effective antibiotics, and last year, the UN specialized agency called on large states and pharmaceutical companies to create a new generation of drugs that could fight over resistance "superbugs". "The time runs", comes to Dr. Marc Sprenger's conclusion.
CG with AFP