After the death of star hairdresser Udo Walz (76), many former customers are mourning for a master of his craft. According to media reports, Walz died exactly two weeks ago from the complications of type 2 diabetes. Walz had been suffering from the terrible diabetes since the late 1980s. After the shock of diabetes, he fell into a coma. But how can that happen?
Diabetes mellitus, often referred to as diabetes, is a sugar metabolism pathological disorder for which the blood sugar level is perpetually high. This condition slowly leads to permanent damage to various organs and blood vessels.
The most common forms are type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. In addition, there are some rare forms such as MODY (Juvenile Diabetes Onset Maturity), Type 3c diabetes or Cushing’s syndrome.
Common symptoms of diabetes
The severity and occurrence of symptoms may vary according to the type of diabetes present. Typical symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, extreme hunger, chronic fatigue, itching, dry skin, feelings of weakness, irritability, blurred vision, slow healing wounds and frequent infectious diseases. Symptoms are initially unspecific and may also occur for other diseases. Only by using different diagnostic methods can the doctor produce a definitive test.
What are the causes of type 2 diabetes?
In type 2 diabetes, the cells become increasingly resistant to the effects of insulin. As a result, the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin to overcome the resistance. As a result, the sugar builds up in the blood. Here, too, the exact causes are unclear. Obesity, sedentary lifestyle and high blood pressure are strongly linked to the occurrence of the disease.
The consequences of diabetes
Diabetes can lead to long-term damage and secondary diseases. The longer the illness has been present and the more uncontrolled the blood sugar level, the higher the risk of heart disease, nerve damage, digestive problems, erectile dysfunction, damage to the blood kidneys, eye damage, circulatory disorders, skin diseases, hearing problems, dementia and depression.
Hyperosmolar coma usually affects type 2 diabetics. It develops slowly with blood sugar levels of over 600 mg / dl. High fluid loss due to the increased excretion of urine leads to loss of electrolytes and internal dehydration (desiccosis). The skin of the affected person is dry and warm.
Hypoglycemic shock (low blood sugar)
In hypoglycemic shock, the blood sugar level is low, usually below 50 mg / dl, due to overdose of insulin or sulfonylureas compared to carbohydrate intake. Drinking alcohol or intense physical exertion can also trigger a state of shock. This develops rapidly and can occur within minutes. It manifests itself in cravings, excessive sweating, internal disturbances and irritation. The pulse rate increases significantly while the blood pressure drops. In addition, it can lead to impaired awareness up to unconsciousness, as well as cramps and respiratory disorders and central circulation.
First aid for hypoglycemia
Diabetics should be given glucose immediately in the form of sugar (eg dextrose, chocolate, apple juice, cola) if there is suspicion or signs of hypoglycemia. In addition, the cause of hypoglycemia should always be investigated to prevent another shock.
What is ketoacidosis?
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious and common complication of type 1 diabetes. DKA occurs when diabetes is not recognized or is not adequately treated. With DKA, the blood sugar level rises high because ketones, as they are called, accumulate in the body to dangerous concentrations, explain the researchers. Early signs of DKA include excessive thirst, frequent urination, nausea, abdominal pain, weakness and confusion. (sb)
Author and source information
This text corresponds to the requirements of the current medical literature, medical guidelines and studies and has been verified by medical professionals.
This article is for general guidance only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or self-treatment. He cannot substitute a visit to the doctor.