What does Mars look inside? How big is the core of the planet? How is it So far, there are no answers to these questions. Insight researcher, led by the United States Nasa space agency, is now responsible for providing new insights and, of course, breaking a record. Tonight at 20:54, Germany, the device is to go on the Red Planet, stay in place and get up for months on the planet floor. In this way, researchers want to better understand how the rocket planets have been formed in our solar system four and a half billion years ago and why they have developed so differently.
If everything goes as planned. Concern: In the history of the international trips to Mars, more than one in two failed. Hope: Nobody knows better land on the Red Planet than the Americans. From 20 clocks, German time transfers Nasa's wharf here alive.
I set up "in the largest Mars car park". At least that is how the authority describes the landing area in the Elysium Planitia plain to the southwest of the large volcanic complex Elysium. Surprisingly: There's nothing to see there – so far, it was necessary to look at possible special structures in close proximity. However, where there are few rock or larger rocks, no slopes and no sinks, a landing robot is most likely to block safely. There would be a 550 km insight of the Curiosity landing site, approximately 2,600 kilometers from Spirit and 8,400 kilometers from Cyfle.
From the beginning of January, one for creating in the plane "the most intense technology, never the technology of man, has hit a hole on another body," said in a press release from the German Aerospace Center (DLR). Method: you want to dig up to five meters deep. HP3 should be responsible for the recording drill, developed by DLR employees Heat Flow and Physical Property Package, because his skills are also called "Love".
It has hammer at least until March 2019
The device has built 50 centimeters to the rock, then it pauses back DLR. So measurements can be made and monitors the devices before it gets the best 50 centimeters deeper. The auditor uses an automated drive driven drive that is electrically driven and draws flat cable with sensor meters behind him to the Mediterranean soil, and he continues to say. In conjunction with other newly developed devices, it will measure the internal temperature and use seismometer to record earthquakes, meteorite effects and all other moving Mars shaking.
Old good recipients help transfer the information gathered to the Earth. Marscraft Recognition Orbiter and 2001 Mars Odyssey fly over the landing site twice a day and act as exchanges, ie radio stations, for data traffic.
"As we do not know what unexpected – for example because of tougher rocks – expecting us in the underground, we are going very carefully and intend to reach the target depth in several weeks to March 2019," said Tilman Spohn from the DLR Planetary Research Foundation in Berlin the message.
As Insight is not only drilling, but also answers many scientific questions (how high Marskern is, what it includes, whether it's fluid or robust , how thick the crust is, how active Mars is, how often do meteors strike?), the mission has two years ground. One billion dollars, which equate to around 880 million euros, have spent the responsible people so far.