Thursday , May 13 2021

Which Diet is Best for the Heart?



CHICAGO – In the room, doctors and nutritionists engage with their idea of ​​an ideal diet as a parent ties to his child.

On November 10th, at the American Heart Society Scientific Session annual meeting, a group of panellists discussed what diets they thought were the best for heart health, drawing on previously published data last years. Although there was no clear winner, the panellists agreed that an ideal diet was high in vegetables, high in non-processed foods, completely, and low in meat after processing, added sugar and carbohydrates.

Although the best diet "depends on the individual … I also believe strongly that everyone should focus on a basic diet that includes us all [these] "said one of the panelists, said Christopher Gardner, director of Nutrition Studies at the Stanford Prevention Research Center, on Live Science. [Diet and Weight Loss: The Best Ways to Eat]

But even those that were agreed on components would be a major dietary change for most Americans – and only after you reach that "organizational diet", there is a place to browse & 39; your way to your personal diet, "said Gardner.

What's more, the best diet is also "the one you can keep," and more specifically, the one "top quality" that you can stick to, he says.

The panellists discussed three diet – vegan, the Mediterranean and keto – and their effects on heart health.

Vegan diet

The vegan diet requires all meat and animal products to be erased from the diet, and mainly focuses on vegetables.

"If you replace animal protein with a plant's protein, you would reduce deaths … [and] Cardiovascular risk factors "over a period of time, Dr Kim Williams, a cardiologist at the University of Rush University Medical Center in Chicago, said during the session. Previous studies have shown that the risk reduces the most when you Give the best to eat red meat has to be processed, he added. Compared to diet high in meat, a diet of plants also reduces high blood pressure and there is also evidence that it will also reduce protein-reactive levels C, an inflammation marker in the body, he said.

But even without the vegan diet, "if all of it went [eating] Red meat has to process it [eating] only red red meat, we would reduce the number of cardiovascular deaths in this country, "said Williams.

Still, the dragon's diet is not perfect. The diet can lead to a deficiency of vitamin B12 – vitamin found in animal products. The lack of Vitamin B12 can result in red blood cells, or anemia reductions. (Another anemia is an iron deficiency.) More than that, the herbal diet will not work if, along with your vegetables, you also eat fried food plates, Williams added . [7 Tips for Moving Toward a More Plant-Based Diet]

Mediterranean Diet

A Mediterranean diet, in contrast, allows animal protein, but fish prefer red meat. Additional olive oil is a leading part in this diet, which also includes nuts, lots of vegetables, fruits and wine (in moderation). There is evidence that the Mediterranean diet reduces "bad" cholesterol levels and is associated with a lower risk of death due to heart disease, according to the Mayo Clinic.

This summer, however, the Mediterranean diet was hit when it was studied, drawing its benefits away due to problems with the methodology. Although some experts say that the withdrawal significantly weakens the claim that the Mediterranean diet is a healthy heart, others said that enough other research shows that it is beneficial, and that they would be Continue to recommend, Live Science reported in June.

Chief investigator of that test, Dr. Miguel Martínez-Gonzalez, epidemiologist at the University of Navarra in Spain, also a panelist on Saturday chat. He noted that, even after the team drew attention to the study and restated the data, the findings were, in general, true: diet is still a healthy heart.

And diet keto

Finally, in this integral list of diets, the diet ketogenic. This is low in carbohydrate and high in fat, with moderate protein experience. Dr Sarah Hallberg, the medical director at Virta Health, stressed during the session that the dietary diet "was a whole food diet, … [not] hot and cheese diet "

Carbohydrates can come from vegetables, nuts and seeds, some berries, or milk milk, but not from grains, potatoes or sugar, says Hallberg. According to Hallberg, this diet also reduces risk factors for cardiovascular disease. (Of note, Virta Health is a company that claims to be able to reverse type 2 diabetes without medicines or surgery, rather than reducing carbohydrates in a person's diet).

However, other experts have expressed concerns that people on the keto diet are more likely than others to recover weight they have lost because the diet can be difficult to keep in the long term, reported in Living Science in May . Moreover, the high levels of fat and cholesterol in the keto diet can be detrimental to heart health.

Although all panellists felt strongly about the diet they were recommending, there was some common land. The important point the panellists agreed on is that whole foods are much better than foods that have been processed. [11 Ways Processed Food Is Different from Real Food]

With that in mind, researchers do not need more studies to tell us what foods are healthy and what's not, but instead they need to focus on how to get people back to a healthy diet, says Gardner .

This can mean stimulating people to prepare meals at home, educating people on social and planetary outcomes what they eat – such as the effect of eating meat on global warming and climate change, animal rights and misuse of human labor – and by creating national health of policies that can help make healthier food more affordable.

"Almost anything is better than the way most Americans are eating now," said panel moderator, Dr. David Katz, medicine prevention specialist at Yale-Griffin University of Yale Prevention Research Center in Derby, Connecticut. "America runs on Dunkin and multicolored marshmallows are part of a complete breakfast – set it up, and things will tend to improve."

Originally published on Living Science.


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