Illnesses and injuries associated with working in Illinois mines are not substantially subscribed to the federal agency who has the task of tracking these events, according to a new study published in the American Journal of Medicine Industry.
According to previous research, their reporting program, of the name of the Part 50 program, did not collect casualties effectively in Kentucky, according to previous research, according to a previous investigation, their causes are not caused and illness continues to work in mines in the United States. causing concerns about under-reporting in other states.
In 2015, Illinois was fourth among the 50 states in coal production, with 23 coal mines producing 56,101,000 tons of coal (a tonne of 2,000 pounds). That year, 4,171 employees were employed in the mining industry in Illinois, according to the Ministry of Health and Safety. Mining is dangerous and is associated with increased risk of injury, as well as a number of health conditions, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, emphysema and black lung disease.
The Part 50 program provides the Minera Security and Administration Authority for the authority to investigate accidents, injuries and illness that occur in US excavations. Coal mines, metal and nonmetal operators are required to inform the agency of their employees' accidents, injuries and occupational illness. However, under-reporting is a common event.
Researchers led by Dr. Robert Cohen, clinical professor of health and occupational sciences at the University of Illinois at the Chicago Public Health School, looks at Section 50 reports of illness and injury in Illinois from 2001 to 2013, trying to link all reports to the Illinois Case Compensation Commission's equivalent case. Compensation cases for employees who had no corresponding Part 50 report had not been reported to the Part 50 program.
The researchers reported 1,923 cases of injury or illness in the Illinois Employee Compensation Commission reports from 2001 to 2013 which were captured by the Part 50 program. These cases represented only 34 per cent of 5,653 casualties and illness for mining workers identified by the Illinois Employee Compensation Commission database. It was found that the Part 50 program did not hold about 66 per cent of Illinois employee compensation cases among mining workers from 2001-2013.
"Sub-reporting to the Part 50 program prevents the ability of the United States Security and Mineral Administration to enforce safety and health standards," said Cohen.
Chronic injuries and illnesses were less likely to be reported to the Part 50 program or acute incidents, such as accidents. "90% of chronic conditions, such as pneumoconiosis, were not captured by a Part 50 program," said Kirsten Almberg, assistant professor of health and occupational science sciences at UIC Public Health School and co-author of paper.
Mining size also correlated with reporting. The lowest rates of injury and disease reports were related to workers working in the mines. "Maybe there is a lack of resources or established workplace safety programs," says Cohen, who can subscribe by small mines.
"Employees may not report their injuries or occupational illness to their employer or file employees compensation in case of redundancy, or because they are unfamiliar with the system," said Almberg. "Teaching programs and both mining operatives and employees about the Part 50 program and employees compensation, and policies designed to protect employees reporting even to be punished or even fired, would help improve reporting rates, but even more importantly, improve security for those working in mines. "