An Australian-led group of the year, Michelle Simmons, has overcome another vital technical barrier for the construction of a quantum silicon-based computer.
The Simmons team at UNSW Sydney has shown a compact sensor for obtaining information stored in individual atoms electrons – a development that brings us one step closer to scalable quantum in silicon computing.
The research, conducted within the Simmons group at the Center of Excellence for Computing and Communication Quantum (CQC2T) with a PhD student, Pakkiam Prasanna as lead author, was released on November 27 in the Physical Review X journal.
Quantum (or qubits) pieces made of electrons that are held on individual atoms in semiconductors are a promising platform for large-scale quantum computers, thanks to permanent stability.
READ: International scientists discuss quantum silicon computers in Australia
Qubits are created by precise location and enclosing individual phosphorus at silicon chip in a unique Australian approach that the Simmons team has been leading worldwide.
But adding to all the connections and gates needed for the phosphorus atom architecture scale would be a challenge – so far.
"In order to monitor even one qubit, you have to build multiple connections and gates around individual atoms, where there is not enough space," says Simmons.
"What's more, you need high quality quibits in a close way so they can talk to each other – just if you can get as a small gate infrastructure as possible."
When compared to other computer-making approaches, Simmons had already had a relatively low gate density. Yet there was a conventional measure of at least 4 per qubit gates: 1 to control and 3 reading.
By integrating the sensor reading into one of the control sets, the team in UNSW has been able to drop this into just two cats: 1 for control and 1 w read.
The leading author, Pakkiam, not only is the system more compact, but by integrating a steam circuit that is attached to the gate, the team is now sensitive to determining the quantum condition of the worm. by measuring whether an electron moves between two adjoining ados.
"And we've shown that we can do this in real time with just one measure – a single shot – without the need to repeat the experiment and the average results," said Pakkiam.
Simmons said that this was a big increase in how we read information after inserting into our quit.
"The result confirms that single quibits reading is now reaching the sensitivity needed to achieve the correct quantum correction required for a scalable quantum computer," says Simmons.