Y AIDS Fighting Day I'll be celebrated every December 1st. 37 years after the appearance of the first cases of AIDS, the disease caused by HIV virus becomes less fatal and more and more controlled. Anyway, still diagnosed in Spain every year more than three thousand new cases of HIV and more than 500 AIDS.
According to data from the National AIDS Case Registry, The sex route is the majority of the transfer method, and the incidence of new AIDS cases continues to fall thanks to antiretroviral treatments.
This disease is slightly less taboo since this week, thanks to the brave Lloyd Russell-Moyle Labor Disclosure in the British Parliament. The senator admitted that he will be celebrating the tenth anniversary soon He was diagnosed with HIV. Russell-Moyle explained, thanks to the treatment that he has followed in these years, now she has HIV that can not be discovered, and will not become ill or transmit the virus.
In addition, the Labor Party went as long as it said "it is safer to have sex with someone with HIV that can not be found or with someone without a diagnosis", which launched an optimistic speech followed by emotional approval by the current parliamentarians"I tell those who live with HIV that their state does not define, we can be what we want."
87,000 cases of AIDS in Spain since it appeared
The National AIDS Registry collects all the data of new cases of HIV and AIDS infection since the start of the global epidemic. From the first entries in 1981 until June 30, 2018 In Spain, a total of 87,369 cases of AIDS were reported.
Commensurate with the population, that is the general trend the disease has fewer cases. In 2017 alone, 3,381 new HIV infection cases were diagnosed, a rate of 7.26% per 100,000 residents. The 2017 data are provisional and subject to a variation of 1% in the rate, as estimated in the 2017 Epidemiological Surveillance report, which is available in the web Ministry of Health, Use and Social Welfare.
The success of antiretroviral therapy has allowed the life expectancy of patients with HIV to increase. This causes that The present challenge of this disease is to cope with premature aging. The first patients affected by HIV and survivors are already at higher age.
In 2016, 14.8% of HIV diagnosis in Spain was 50 years of age or older. On the occasion of AIDS World Day, the AIDS Fighting Institute has published data on research on aging and HIV-related complications carried out by the IrsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute.
This center investigates the effect caused by the virus, a premature aging of the immune system for five years. HIV, they say, also increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis and kidney problems, among others. The research, as stated by the Fight Foundation against AIDS in a statement, is now focused on testing "which can administer statins, a drug against cholesterol, reduce inflammation levels and thus reduce immunization in people with HIV".
Despite being controlled today we can not make it forget that it is a disease that can kill, and has done so with almost 59,000 people in Spain since 1981. In 2016, 498 people from HIV and AIDS died, It accounts for 1.2% of total mortality in Spain. In Spain, HIV tests are free and confidential to everyone.
Having HIV and AIDS is not the same. HIV (human immune virus) is a type of virus which is attacking the immune system of the person who has been infected. This does not mean that the person who has been infected will develop AIDS disease, acronym for the acquisition immunodeficiency syndrome.