Tuesday , January 19 2021

World Fight Against Cancer Day: What are the most common types and what to do to prevent them

The word "cancer" generates respect in anyone who hears it. It is a disease that is usually related to death, however, not all types are the same and many factors, such as early detection and a healthy lifestyle, can help prevent their appearance.

Every 4 of February commemorates the World Day of the Fight Against Cancer with the sign "We can, I can", to raise awareness about the disease and the importance of acquire habits to prevent this disease.

Some types of cancer are genetic while others are the cause of unhealthy lifestyle and harmful habits for the body, such as smoking, poor nutrition or abusing alcohol. The latter could be prevented from 30 to 40 percent of the times.

That is why it is vital to first take a healthy lifestyle and, in addition, go regularly to the doctor to make routine checks that allow them to reach an early detection of the disease. The most common types of cancer are currently: of breast, cervix y of colon.

Detecting any type of cancer quickly allows you to do Specific treatments with a better prognosis in terms of therapeutic possibility and a better disease-free survival.

Breast cancer

Breast cancer is currently The most frequent cancer in women. In fact, one in eight who reach 80 years of age suffered this disease. 95 percent of the cases can be cured if it is detected in time.

One of the basic prevention measures is self-exploration, that each one must perform every month, without exception, always in the same phase of the cycle. The most frequent warning is the palpation of a tumor, nodule or hardness in the breast, although there are other symptoms of lower occurrence, such as retracts or sunburns in the skin or nipple, redness in the skin, discomfort or loss of blood through the nipple or the palpation of a bulk in the acrylic.

If you observe any of these factors, I consulted with the doctor. Likewise, ask the professional when you should start making yourself mammograms and other detection tests according to your personal background.

Cervical cancer

The main one cause of gynecological death In Argentina it is cervical cancer. This type is caused by 100 percent of the cases by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV or HPV).

It is estimated that 8 out of every 10 people who are sexually active have ever had contact with some type of HPV in their lives. In most cases, the body controls the infection. Only a small percentage They can evolve to precancerous lesions or cancer.

There are two methods of prevention: primary and secondary school. The first refers to vaccination, very effective in the reduction of HPV infection, which is found in the National Vaccine Calendar for girls from 11 years of age, and for a couple of years, it also applies to male children.

Once exposed to the HPV virus, it applies the secondary prevention that refers to early detection methods in the framework of the annual gynecological controls that a sexually active woman must carry out. The main one is papanols. It is advisable to carry out this study within the first three years of having started sex or at 21 in patients who have not yet had sex.

In women who were never exposed to the virus, it would be achieved an annual papanicola until 65, while in those who have been, up to 75 years It would be the wisest thing.

Colon cancer

This type of cancer, unlike the majority, provides many opportunities for preventive action. This happens because in 90 percent of the cases, It develops from premalignas injuries call polyps. These are the growth of the intestine mucosa, which persist in their development, they end up generating the disease.

"It has been a long time since the appearance of the polyps until the tumor is established. That is to say, what There are many opportunities to be able to extract them and avoid disease", he explained ConBienestar, Nicolás Rotholtz, Chief Service of General Surgery of the German Hospital and Director of the Career of Coloproctology of the University of Buenos Aires (MN: 88461).

The risk population is Anyone over 50 years old (up to 75) without a gender distinction. The global recommendation is that from that age, both men and women, without background, carry out a diagnostic study in order to identify or not the presence of asymptomatic polyps. If the study is normal and well done, they must repeat it every ten years, which is the time in which the polyps can lead to malignant tumors.

The main and most sensitive study is videocolonscopy. But there are others, like the colon by enema, who has no images and should be performed every 5 years; and a first approach can be carried out by means of a blood test in fecal matter: a method for detecting hemoglobin in the stools that triggers the accomplishment of other studies in case of giving positive, should be done annually.

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