Hospitalization in people who contracted the coronavirus was 34.3% lower among “sufficiently active” individuals: those who perform aerobic physical activity week, a study released today by the São Paulo State Research Assistance Institute (Fapesp) revealed.
The study is based on a scientific work done by the University of São Paulo (USP), in collaboration with other centers of higher studies in Brazil such as the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS) and the Rio de Janeiro State University (UERJ).
The investigation, which considered 938 Brazilians who had Covid-19 disease, found that Those who perform at least 150 minutes of moderate aerobic physical activity or 75 minutes of high intensity per week are less likely to be in hospital.
The study was based on a a questionnaire applied last June to August for people infected with coronavirus, 9.7% of whom were hospitalized.
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The objective of the study was to demonstrate the links between hospital admission and patients’ physical activity prior to the pandemic, explained the doctor who promoted the study, Marcelo Rodrigues dos Santos. “We sought to assess whether there was any reduction in hospital admissions, also among those who practiced physical activity for a shorter period than recommended, but in that case there was no statistical difference ”, he said.
According to the research, hospitalization was higher among men and people aged 65 and over, as well as overweight or obese Brazilians, as well as individuals with less education and socio-economic status.
“It was possible to observe a reduction of 34.3% in hospital in the group considered to be sufficiently active“, according to the study.
Dos Santos noted that there is solid evidence in the world on the benefits of physical activity on immunity, especially to prevent chronic diseases such as diabetes or hypertension, risk factors are considered to exacerbate Covid-19.