A group of scientists and insects have re-discovered the world's biggest bees while on a remote island island.
The huge Wagas (Magachile pluto) bees rely on "the bulldog flight", which is a fortnight of six centimeters.
The big bees have ever recorded twice the previous: when discovered by the naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace first in 1859, and then again in 1981.
Without any sight since then, it was believed to have disappeared.
When investigating the location of the bees, Simon Robson, Sydney University and colleague, Glen Chilton, St Mary's University in Canada, heard about a US photographer and a young entomologist who was planning to go.
The four insects decided to share their resources and expertise.
Early in January, they met in Jakarta, and sought for aviation linked to the Moluccas Islands to try their luck.
"Basically, four people who had a long-term interest in this beekeeper came together and said, Let's spend the money, we'll go and see we can find it, "said Dr Robson.
The group searched through a woodland on an island in northeastern Indonesia for five days when stifling tropical heat, checking the termite nest after a season nest for bee signs.
The female bees grow into termite nests to lay their eggs, leaving the hole reporting big enough to press through.
"We were in the woods and it was late in the afternoon, and we disappeared for a late lunch and one of us saw a termite dummy," said Dr Robson.
"One of us came up the tree and the reason was lying with a hole and that was very encouraging and finally we got the torch there and we could see the bees there and look out . "
From that fan, they put a plastic tube over the hole in the termite nest and block the bees out with a removal of grass to remove before release.
We were very eager to be binding.
The bees collect nectar to feed to their monster, but do not produce honey like European bees or Australian natives.
And also different from European bees, it does not die after plumbing, according to Dr Robson.
"It's likely that this bee would pull you happy and then block you again, it would not kill it," he said.
Wallace's huge beekeepers also have a large set of bincers of the mandibles name on his head, which Dr Robson could say was "a little damaged".
Because the bees have only been seen full time, scientists do not know much about it.
For example, he may be a fundamental judge for a specific tree species in the islands where it is discovered, said Tim Heard's entomologist, who was not part of the discovery.
"That is quite possible, but we do not know that. We do not know what it's criticizing or if the plant that criticizes an obligation relationship with & # 39; that bee, "said Dr Heard, a Australian beekeeper expert at the University of Sydney.
Regardless of its ecological direction, Dr Heard said he needed to be protected from threats such as deforestation for palm oil, which is common across Indonesia.
"I believe we are responsible for protecting all life on this planet," he said.
"This is the biggest bee in the world, it's a rare one, which was discovered by Wallace, who was a legend in his field – discovered evolution through a natural selection along with Darwin.
"The fact that it is such a spectacular species and an incredible product of evolution, we have a protection obligation."
Dr Robson said he and his colleagues hoped that the presence of bees in the Moluccas Islands could be the forefront of environmental conservation and ecotourism in the region.
"Deforestation is the main threat to most things, and sometimes that can come in [regions] very fast, "he said.
"We may be able to get these bees here in the eyes of the public as something that's worth coming out."