Saturday , January 16 2021

The stars are standing as the Bereshit spacecraft gets ready to be captured by the Moon t



The team from SpaceIL and Israel announced Aerospace Industries that the Bereshit spacecraft had successfully completed final movements to position itself in a place where it can jump into the moon orbit on Thursday.

The engineers said they were activating the vessel for 72 seconds early on Monday, one of the last movements, apparently, before capturing complex chicks. On Thursday, the spacecraft will reach the moon orbit, and it must activate the machines at the moment to enter an elliptical orbit around the moon.

The Bereshit four-legged, about the size of a small car, is on its last elliptical circuit around the Earth before moving on in the moon orbit on April 4.

The landing has been scheduled for April 11 in the Serenity Sea.

The movement needs the most detailed movement: if the machines are not stimulated for long enough, the ship cannot be caught by gravitating the moon. If the motors are triggered for too long, it could be more than the moon completely. There is a very small window of opportunity where the orbit of the moon crosses the elliptical orbit of the spacecraft.

After overcoming some minor defects with an unexpected system restart and some problems with the navigation navigation system star, the spacecraft has been programmed to make the landing.

Bereshit, which means "Genesis" in Hebrew, started on February 22 from Cape Canaveral in Florida on a Falcon 9 rocket from the private company SpaceX of US business company Elon Musk.

Last month, Bereshit sent a photo taken with its "autocamera", where you can see an Israeli flag at 37,600 kilometers (23,000 miles) above the Earth.

A Bereshit spacecraft of 370 million NIS ($ 100 million) is a company that includes private companies SpaceIL and Israel Aerospace Industries, funded almost entirely by well-known Jewish gifts. The project was launched as an Israeli record for the Google LunarX challenge so that NGOs can carry a spacecraft on the Moon. Google ended the competition in 2018 without winners, but the Israeli team decided to continue their efforts privately.

With Bereshit, Israel hopes to become a fourth country in the world to land a spacecraft on the Moon, following EE. UU, Russia and China.

If successful, Bereshit will make history twice: as the first private sector landing on the Moon and Israel's first ship to reach the orb.

If Bereshit is successful on April 11, the ship is expected to perform two or three days of experiments to collect data about magnetic fields of the moon before closing them. There, the 160 kilograms (350 pounds) of the moon vehicle will remain, possibly for all eternity, on the surface of the moon, attaching about 181,000 kilograms (400,000 pounds of Earth) of remnants of work. man has been scattered across the moon. the face of the moon.

The distance between the Earth and the Moon is approximately 384,000 kilometers (240,000 miles). The Bereshit elliptical route, which saves fuel by taking advantage of the Earth's gravity, will cover about 6.5 million kilometers (4 million miles). The spacecraft travels at a speed of about 10 km / second (36,000 km / h) on its way to the Moon, or 13 times faster than the F15 fighter aircraft speed.


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