Friday , August 19 2022

The experience of study below zero and with two Nobel Prizes in Medicine



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The psychologist graduated in the UBA, he realizes his mastery very close to the Arctic Circle Credit: Gza. Ignacio Polti

After being born in Pergamino, Ignacio Polti is a psychologist of the UBA and masters at a university in Norway; Try to find Alzheimer's early

Ignacio Polti from Parchment, Buenos Aires, comes but answers the phone and has more than 12,000km of home, almost 500 kilometers from the Arctic Circle, working with two

Nobel Prizes

o

Medicine

in the city of Trondheim,

Norway

. He went to study how people find the passage of time to a place in the winter there are four hours of light per day and in summer, the night is nothing more than artificial construction of dolls and
outside. As a result of this research he attempts to achieve Alzheimer's early identification.

He is 30 years old. He studied Psychology and Biology in Aberystwyth

University of Buenos Aires (UBA)

. "I have done both career alongside, until I had a psychologist, I was always eager to enter into neuroscience research, so I was assistant to a chair and went to work in a laboratory," said Polti. His father is a plumber and his mother is an initial education inspector.

If there is an early detector marker, then it is possible to start treatment that delayed the deterioration associated with Alzheimer's disease

Ignacio Polti

In 2014, he went to France because the studies he wanted to study was not available in Argentina. He applied for a Masters degree in Cognitive Sciences, which is the integration of computer science, psychology, philosophy, linguistics, among others, applied to study mentally. At École Normale Supérieure, in Paris, there were 30 vacancies for postulants from all over the world and selected. Although he returned to the country for a short time in 2016, Polti decided to continue training and research abroad.

He is currently working at the Britt and Edvard Moser wedding institute. He won a Nobel Prize in Medicine in 2014 because they discovered a group of cells in the brain, and the ability to direct ourselves into space is thought to be based.

"When people remember the past or the future plan, they locate them in time and place, which is why I work to determine whether these brain structures are also is about the ability to install themselves over time. That is why we are investigating how these structures work in healthy subjects, and then see how & These skills are deteriorating in people with Alzheimer's, "explained Pulti.

Now he lives in Trondheim, almost 500 kilometers from the capital, Oslo. A city with 184,960 residents, of which almost 30,000 are students, which in the 10th century were the capital of Norway due to its commercial importance in the Middle Ages. Trondheim is the third city in the number of residents, in a country of 5,258,000 people. Oslo has 634,293 residents and Bergen, 271,949.

At the same time, Polti works with Moser and is a doctorate at the University of Norwegian Science and Technology, the most prestigious organization in the country that is training in technology, which also offers degrees higher in social sciences, art or, where appropriate, medicine.

I wanted to work with people searching for the intersection between basic science and applied science

Ignacio Polti

"I had no idea where Trondheim was, I found it close to the Arctic Circle, where I'm going in," he said. According to him, some friends met in Norway, gave him the book
Norwegian social guide, which explains how to understand social situations in that country, as cultural change is quite extreme.

"In Argentina we are hyperssociative and here we see from the perspective, we will think that the Norwegians are very shy." One day, i got a drink with some colleagues and we killed laughter. The next day, I can cross them in the street and no ball. They think they will be uncomfortable if they greet you in the street, they often look at the floor when talking to you or they give a lot of distance to them body, when you wait for the bus, 5 meters between them. these things, but then you'll be used to her, "he said.

Along with the Moser, he is trying to develop early identification markers for this disease. "Alzheimer's is currently being detected when the decline is obvious and, as a result, much can not be done to reduce the associated health problems. If there are early detectors, then it is possible to start Delayed treatment that is related to the disease In other words, in order to detect the passage of time, we need a system of memory. "

If Polti verifies that the idea of ​​passage of time is based on these neurological structures, it could be studied to find out when this capacity is beginning to decline.

Learning through research

"I knew I was going to learn outside research, I was very interested in a research center called the Neurospin in France, I sent an e-mail to a researcher from that lab with a work plan on how people find the time and they liked it a lot. "

Neurospin is one of the most advanced laboratories in the world when studying the brain. Here he works, says Stanislas Dehaene, a professor at the Collège de France, director of the Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit of the National Institute for Medical and Health Research (Denomination), and winner along with Giacomo Rizzolatti and Trevor Robbins of the Brain Award, Nobel Prize winner. neurosciences.

I started to make a Masters degree in Cognitive Sciences. In Argentina I had to do lots of isolated courses, everything was with me

Ignacio Polti

First he must go through an international selection process. After several interviews he was able to apply. While studying at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris, she was allowed to develop her work plan at the laboratory: "I started to make a Masters degree in Cognitive Sciences, in Argentina, I had to do lots of isolated courses, everything with each other ".

In 2016 he returned to Argentina. As he describes, the local scene was "devastating." He said that, chatting with colleagues, that many of the ideas have to go to another country because of a lack of funding for their research activities: "I can go back to & # 39; where I worked when I received the faculty and I learned courses learning what I had learned in France. "

Until he wants to do a PhD: "I wanted to work with people looking for the intersection between basic science and applied science." He knew about this Norwegian Nobel couple who had won cell brain cells that were responsible for leading mammals in space, working with people was one of the branches they were for their development, so I got in touch with them, I sent them four or five messages until they answered me and I received a Skype interview "

Currently, Polti does not have plans to return to the country. "Every time I talk to people in Argentina, they're going hard and hard to investigate, the worry is always money," he said, but he said: "In In the long term, the idea always returns a number of research groups that produce high quality science, hoping in the future that these groups will multiply with the consistent support of society as a whole ".

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