After a 482 million kilometer trip through space, over six months, InSight interviewed $ 933 million from NASA safely down on Mars early this morning.
Just before the landing, air controllers and worried engineers were quietly passed around ground nuts, in accordance with a good luck tradition that was developed in NASA years ago.
As the InSight auditor went through the rough, dusty atmosphere around Mars, communication back to the California space station was completely broken for seven minutes – this is a period of the name and seven minute of terrorism
But it seemed that the nuts worked their magic, as the successful landing, confirmed just before 7am on Tuesday, the agency's flight managers and engineers saw interference to mood and approval.
Twitter exploded with NASA employee scenes, stole dead shirts, incorporating each other and blowing after they received the news that InSight arrived, safely and firmly.
The small auditor will now begin to excavate an examination of the planet to assess its mineral components.
This tournament identifies the first plantation on the Red Planet in six years, reaching the Curiosity Sexuality in 2012.
Now, NASA's real work starts, with the small device sending the first many photos back from a new home later that morning.
The mission leader, Doctor Sue Smrekar, said that successful landing can seem "easy and easy – as a piece of cake".
But the landing of the search engine comes after decades of fake start and missile trips from experts to explore Mars.
According to Dr Smrekar, less than half of the trips to Mars have been successful.
The journey to explore Red Planet for extraterrestrial life, and more recently, its suitability to maintain the human race, has been pushed with disasters.
Here are some of the dead robots, over the last two decades, who currently live in the Mars space curtain:
Name – Schiaparelli Module (Europe)
Outcome – Explosion
It is believed to have exploded the experimental AUD $ 360 million, known as the Schiaparelli module, before falling on Mars.
The spacecraft was designed and launched by the European Space Agency and, after its effect, left a grater on the surface of the planet.
Pictures, taken by NASA, showed that the wreck had left black spaces on the surface of Mars, about 50cm deep and 2.4m wide.
Name – Yinghuo-1 (China) to Phobos-Grunt (Russia)
Outcome – Failure of equipment
Two space audit orbiters were launched, Yinghuo-1 Chinese and Russian Phobos-Russian, from Kazakhstan in November, 2011.
Weighed 150kg, Yinghuo-1, to Mars orbit for a period of two years, gathering information on the atmosphere and surface of the planet.
Phobos-Grunt Mission of the AUD $ 89 million was to visit Mars, Phobos, and fly by soil samples.
However, at the launch, Yinghuo-1 and the Phobos-Grunt failed to complete the burn needed to leave the Earth's orbit.
The two orbiters resumed the Earth's atmosphere the following year and it was disinfected over Pacific Ocean Ocean.
Name – Beagle 2 (UK)
Result – Unknown
The fate of the Beagle 2 remains a mystery to this day, but it is assumed that the spacecraft lies in the cemetery of missed trips on the Red Planet.
The British Marster lander developed for a European joint mission to look for signs of life in the past.
It was understood that the project had cost around AUD $ 124 million.
Although the launcher was successfully launched to the space, it did not connect to the scheduled landing time.
It is assumed that the Beagle 2 had collapsed and the European Space Agency declared the missed mission the following year.
Name – Deep Space 2 to Mars Polar Lander (USA)
Outcome – Lost connection
The late 90's was a boring time for exploring space, with a record of failed journeys recorded in less than two years.
NASA's Deep Space 2 crew was sent to Mars in January, 1999, composing two small crews of the name Scott & # 39; and Amundsen.
The small crews were supposed to break Mars Polar Lander and arrive safely, without the help of parachute.
However, NASA flight managers did not attempt to establish a connection with the tester and crews had been answered and the mission was declared a failure of the following year.
Name – Mars Climate Orbiter (USA)
Outcome – The census on the ground meant it was burning up in space
This 338kg orbiter of Cape Canaveral was used in December, 1998 before a metric mistake embarrassed caused its decline.
The mission, which cost more than $ 450 million AUD, was to study changes on the surface and atmosphere on Mars.
Due to the glitch's calculation back on Earth, the spacecraft connected Mars too quickly and meant it was relaxing when arriving.
Later, scientists explained that Orbiter Mars Climate was too close to the Red Planet and burned in the atmosphere.
Name – Nozomi (Japan)
Outcome – Fractured out of fuel, electrical failure
Nozomi spacecraft was launched in July, 1998 from the Uchinoura Space Center in Japan.
There is a mission to explore the solar winds of Martian to prepare for future trips and to get images of the planet.
The name & Nozomi & # 39; translates from Japanese to hope.
Ironically, the placement hoped for more fuel after it was completely planned to leave it without enough gas in the tank to get Mars safe.
The failure of an electrical system also meant that Nozomi had not been made to the Martian orbit.
Name – Mars 96 (Russia)
Outcome – Failure to launch
Sometimes it's even difficult to go off the ground. Certainly, this was true of Mars 96 space auditor, intended for Mars.
Engineers from the Russian Space Forces thought they had corrected mistakes of past attempts to reach Mars, but it was wrongly proved following a catastrophic launch.
The search engine launched from Kazakhstan but failed to start an appropriate burn to move towards Mars.
Then the craft went into the atmosphere of the Earth and broke apart, leaving litter across 320km from Chile, Bolivia and the Pacific Ocean.