Construction of stable foundations in the Luna a settle Mars "in a period of 15 or 20 years" is the next steps of an "inevitable" widespread process for humanity, as the Earth "it's too small for us," he explains in an interview Mikhail Korniyenko, The cosmonaut o We rub, y Russian Space Agency.
However, these deadlines will only be met "if all countries and space organizations agree and give them the best to invest as much in the military field and more in the cosmons".
Korniyenko demanding "need to give up feeding up Earth and fight for it "and join" find new fields of research "to go Luna a a Mars before what we can imagine.
This airline and veteran engineer recognizes that there is cosmonaut his dream was "of childhood, like all the children born in the Soviet Union" during the sixties and last centuries.
Along with North America Scott Kelly, beat in 2016 the record of seamless stay on board the International Space Station (EEI), with a stay of 340 days.
The Twisted ISS on November 20 is an international project that works "percent per cent for scientific purposes", explains Korniyenko, using pressure to investigate substances such as insulin superpure, new energy processes or traumatological rehabilitation techniques.
He stayed his own stay of almost a year at the station, for what was prepared for 13 years, to study the human body's biological adaptation to space conditions.
"At present, doctors can handle the arthrones which is back to the place for re-adapting it to Earth, but the pilots that arrive Mars they will not have these support teams. "So, the need to study their adaptation in these conditions, he says.
Y cosmonaut confirms that life in space is "quiet, but smoothly more complicated" as everyday activities such as hairdressing are "odyssey".
Fear and tense are also a travel company. "It's inevitably that one starts to fear for their physical integrity when the journey goes to the atmosphere and the cover see the fire outside," he said.
In one of the expeditions, the team of We rub the crew of the ground warned the presence of spaceware and the danger that a piece could hit the ship.
"As it happens when there was a break in a submarine, we went to the emergency capsule, staying with a lot of tension," he said, but fortunately it did not happen.
Only later, the crew were "aware of the danger", because those pieces traveled at a speed of 14 kilometers per second: "We would not have counted it," it emphasizes.
Space technology "is quite safe, but it's also very complicated and it's very much risk, so it's very difficult to exclude accidents," it warns, remembering a ruling that forced a rocket mission abortion last October. Soyuz.
Despite this, "the space community continues to rely on it Soyuz"In the three cases of an accident in its history, the crew were still alive because the emergency protocols worked" very well ".
Beyond physical conditions, living in space is "very difficult psychological", mainly because it counts Korniyenko"You do not see one living in practice every year" and added: "When you wake up in Earth and you're looking out of the window, you'll see the sun and you'll connect it to it in the morning, but then you'll get up and you're always in a dark container. "
This has to "look constantly on the clock, to know if it's a day or night, because the sense of time is completely lost".
Return to Earth, comes to the conclusion, "it's very hard" and it's asking for three periods of adjustment: ten days after the landing where you need to learn to walk or breathe normally, second stage of clinical trials and, finally, a time similar to the one that was in space to normalize the body.