11-29-18.-Life expectancy has continued to fall in the US in 2017 compared to 2014, mainly due to the overdose of drug overdose, but also to the increase in suicides, after health statistics published on Thursday.
"This is the first time we've seen a downward trend since the 1918 influenza epidemic," said Robert Anderson, head of death statistics at the National Center for Health Statistics, who reported the data, at AFP. Anderson noted however that the decline was much stronger in 1918.
In 2017, life expectancy at birth was 76.1 years for men and 81.1 years of age for women. The average for the population was 78.6, compared to 78.9 in 2014.
In addition, they are three and a half years less than in Canada, on the other side of the border and overdose also affects that.
"These statistics warn us and show that we are losing many Americans, very soon, of avoidable cases," said Robert Redfield, Director of Control Centers and Disease Prevention ( CDC).
Drug overdose assault began in the early 2000s and its intensity has increased over the past four years.
In 2017, about 70,000 Americans died of drug overdoses, 10% more than in 2016.
In terms of deaths, Anderson compared this situation with the rise of an HIV epidemic but with one difference: it was declining rapidly. The statistician expects overdoses to follow the same route. "We are an advanced country, life expectancy must increase, not decrease," he said.
From 35 OECD countries, Icelandic has only recently seen a fall in life expectancy, according to figures up to 2016. In the rest of the places, it has risen or died.
Suicides also continued to rise parallelly in 2017 in the United States, reaching 47,000 deaths. Since 1999, the suicide rate increased by 33%.
"We have a lot of work to do to reverse these trends," said Democratic Congressor Bill Foster.
– Opioids –
There are two categories of oversite. One for non-opioid drugs, such as cocaine and methamphetamine, and another, for psychosimicants, and about 27,000 people died.
But progress is mainly due to the second category: opiates.
This includes heroin, morphine and the semi-synthetic options herein, such as oxycodone, drug drug drugs but are sold on the black market, with the help of complex doctors and laboratories who want to ignore & # 39 ; the problem, and who is the portal usually for reliance.
Recently, most deaths come from a new generation of drugs: synthetic opiates, such as fentanyl, dozens of times more strongly than heroin, that the least dose error can be fatal. Around 28,000 Americans died in 2017 of fentanyl drugs or similar drugs.
"Fentanyl now dominates the opiate market," said Joshua Sharfstein, former Maryland health officer at Johns Hopkins University at The Washington Post.
The rate of death of synthetic options was doubled from 2015 to 2016. Last year, 45% increased.
But the 2017 figures revealed details that give comparative hope: the number of overdose continues to grow, but at a faster slower.
Preliminary data for 2018 even suggests that the crisis has arrived earlier this year. "But it's hard to say," because Robert Anderson has been careful for just a few months for the time being available.
At Staten Island, New York, Dr Harshal Kirane, director of the dependency service, avoids jumping to collections. "It's encouraging to see that the trajectory is curved, without doubt," he told AFP. "But 70,000 are dead, it's hard to digest."
This plague does not affect the same whole country. The center's statements, from Texas to South Dakota, are relatively safe.
The crisis is severe in New England, in the north east corner, where overdose deaths provide more than a quarter of organ donations, which compete with traffic accidents.
It is also very strong in two states of the old industrial belt (Ohio and Pennsylvania) and especially in the very poor West Virginia, which is ahead of the sad figure of 58 deaths per 100,000 people, o 'compared to a national average of 22