Sunday , January 23 2022

No error edge, the arrival of the InSight to Mars ship



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CABO CAÑAVERAL, Florida, USA (AP) – Y llong InSight o & n NASA it will enter the Martian atmosphere at supersonic speed, and then it will be a brake to rest lightly and safely on the red planet plants. This success will depend on your performance in the last six minutes of a six-month trip.

After getting everything perfect for each step of the path, the air controllers will not be able to make any change in relation to what is happening on Monday in the final stage, almost 160 million kilometers (100 million miles) away. Between Mars a Earth there is an eight-minute delay for receiving all transmitted messages.

"By the time we heard something, everything will be over," he said. Tom Hoffman or Jet Propulsion Laboratory and NASA, who is responsible for the project. "It happened or did not happen."

Any minor minute minute adjustments must be completed one and a half hours before the spacecraft touches the surface, says Rob Grover, an engineer who leads the team responsible for the fall.

"All our efforts to ensure that we succeed in the previous years," he explained.

Six minutes before reaching, the InSight will enter 19,800 kilometers per hour (12,300 miles per hour), penetrating the highest of the Mediterranean atmosphere about 114 kilometers (77 miles) above the surface.

The atmospheric friction forces the ship to reduce its speed, but it also produces heat. The InSight thermal shield has a capacity to resist 1,500 degrees Celsius (2,700 Fahrenheit). Once you're 11 kilometers (seven miles) above the ground, your parachute will open as the ship moves to 1,400 km / h (860 mph).

When there are only three minutes missing, the InSight will remove its heat shield and use its three landing feet. With a speed now at 215 km / h (134 mph), it will eliminate its parachute and charapace back one kilometer (less than a mile) of the surface.

Immediately immediately, its 12 lower machines will light up to further reduce its speed and to keep away from the back carapace, which will still fall under the parachute. You will only have 45 seconds left. The spacecraft will turn on its own so that its solar panels are extended to the east and west by landing on the Martian surface, and its arm robotic towards the south. Now he will travel 27 km / h (17 mph) and at a height of 50 meters (164 feet).

Fifteen seconds earlier, InSight hopes to touch Mars at 8 km / h (5 mph) at a front near the equator of the name Elysium Planitia. There he will perform various scientific tasks throughout Martian year, which is equivalent to two Earth. During the night, the temperature could reach – 96 degrees C (- 140 F), because this is the winter season.

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