Atopic dermatitis can affect the patient's life and, with different severity levels, is one of the most common inflammatory skin diseases. It produces weakening symptoms like dry skin, intense and persistent, red, red, curls and secretions. For the day of the disease world, which is celebrated today, Argentina's Association of Clinical Allergy and Immunology (AAAeIC) and the Argentina Dermatology Association (SAD) brought together to raise awareness.
"Atopic dermatitis has multiple faces, depending on the patient's age, but its main symptom is pruritus, along with an extremely dry and reactive skin," explained Cristina Pascutto, president of the SAD.
For many, the trick is serious or unbearable. It's falling every day and night, so 8 out of every 10 patients with moderate to severe dermatitis suffer from sleep disturbance; and more than half the pregnant breaks their sleep five to seven nights a week.
"Some people scratch themselves sleeping or trying to sleep. Sometimes, The scraps come to be heard from the next room. It is difficult for parents who see their child suffering or to see their partner in that situation. Anyway, who else suffers the one who has all life crossing with mitigation, rash, redness and pain, "said Gabriel Gattolin, president of the AAAeIC.
It also gives what is called a correction cycle and the action of scratching, which produces more pregnancy.
Half of patients with moderate to severe variation also feel pain. Injuries can include more than half the body and they are prominent in sensitive areas such as small vegetables, neck, headbags, handbags, knees and ankles. By scratching, patients can even get more injury and increase the risk of infections.
The impact on high quality of life is high, as well as many patients often carry out pilgrimage by a number of doctors until the diagnosis. Atopic dermatitis can cause low self-esteem, fear of being seen, suffering from bullying and encouraging depression. Four out of every 10 people who experience embarrassment Due to her condition and half of patients she is often frustrated because of her illness often or at all times.
Other figures provided by the scientific societies allow to measure the level of impact: those suffering from moderate to severe dermatitis are losing other people three times. On average, adolescents lose 26 days of class per annum for this condition (approximately 3.5 days per episode).
"It affects everyday aspects of life such as clothing choice, physical activity realization, friend visits, going, or more important issues such as public presentation, interpersonal relationships or sexual activity. Negative in psychological terms and can produce anxiety, depression or isolation", Adds Gattolin.
Diagnosis and treatment
I'm usually considered a childhood condition, because affect between 5 and 20% of children, between 10 and 40% of them present the serious form. Anyway, in 3 out of 10 cases it continues after the adolescent and, in fact, some patients even suffer only the first symptoms of the big ones.
Gattolin states that they are the "pruritus" that are the important diagnostic criterion and the central reason why they go to the consultation. Red, enlarged, cracked, dense and enlarged skin condition is a complex, often serious and difficult to treat ".
In the first consultation, patients were also asked if they had any type of exposure to the respiratory tract, as they often introduced asthma, rhinitis and allergic contact, chronic rhinosinusitis and food allergies He is also asked for family history.
"Although typical features of the diagnosis are the typical locations where the lesions appear, in some patients there is a different distribution with similarities to other conditions such as mammalian eczema , prurigo, seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, scabs and even drug reactions. So, to reach the correct diagnosis, several times more specific studies need to be done", Describing Pascutto.
Factors that contribute to the emergence of cases and avoid:
✔ To food allergens (egg, milk, wheat, soya, nuts, others)
✔️Aeroallergens (dust worms, weeds, animal epithelia, fungi, others)
✔Detectors such as skin cleansing, woolwear or synthetic fibers
✔ Do you water
✔Sign quality soap and aggressive detergents
✔To qualify with extreme temperature, moisture or excessive drought
✔ Skin infections by some microorganisms
From the Argentine Dermatology Society, he said that the most important recommendation was based on skin care and dry skin management in order to avoid scratching, exacerbate injuries and coatings.
Keep the skin to work and hydrate Creams for that purpose are the most important measure. All compounds with oats also help, as this is a natural anti-inflammatory for the skin. The ultraviolet rays work together, so it is recommended to be open to the sun, but before 10 or after 18 hours, as the most striking rays can dehydrate the skin and be counter-productive.
However, many patients who suffer from a moderate to severe form alleged that the symptoms are still the use of other therapeutic options that are available. In that sense, Pascutto keeps "the development of new drugs aimed at preventing the processes of inflammation, with a good safety profile, opens a promising attitude for the near future".