The US bonanza situation, with the economy in full growth and unemployment at low historical levels, starts cracking. General Motors, one of the most significant companies in the country, rejecting 14,500 workers, closing five plants and it will finish producing six sedans.
The measure represents a heavy blast to the pledges of the president Donald Trump That would create new jobs in the automotive industry. That is why The president responded angry, criticizes the company's decision.
The Lordstown plant, where the Chevrolet Cruze is produced. (AP)
Trump talked with General Motors General CEO, Mary Bar, to express his dissatisfaction. "I mentioned her and expressed the fact that I am not happy with what he did. I was very tough. You know, the United States General Motors rescued, and she does not take the company out of Ohio well, "he said.
Then, Trump wrote several tweets where he threatened the company openly. "General Motors and CEO Mary Barra are very disappointed for closing plants in Ohio, Michigan and Maryland.The USA save General Motors, and this is the thank you we have! Now we are studying to reduce all subsidies, including those for electric cars, "he said.
According to the president, as he usually did in other conflicts, nationalist arguments once again questioned the company: "General Motors made a big bet in China years ago when they planted plants there. And in Mexico. I do not think bet will win. I'm here to protect American workers! "
General Motors announced that it will eliminate 15% of employees. According to those considered, it includes 3,300 employees in the United States, another 2,600 in Canada and 8,000 administrators and operators. He would also close four assembly plants in the United States territory – one in Ohio, one in Maryland and two in Michigan – and one in Canada.
The measure responds to two weight factors. First, i the changes that occur in demand and the new commercial requirements the modern world. Second, to the boomerang impact of the war war launched by Trump against China.
Lordstown's Plant in Ohio, which would be closed in the coming months. (AP)
In the battle with Asian giant the government set high rates on vehicles, which caused duplication of Chinese authorities. Therefore, imported car prices as well as those that have been exported.
To this we have to add protective measures, such as apply 25% on steel tariffs and 10% on aluminum, from China and from other supplier countries. This had a direct effect on the automakers.
Bar acknowledged that tariffs were a serious problem, such as tariffs, but explained that it was not the only cause for the restructuring. The company, he says, makes these changes prepare for the future. "We recognize the need to predict changing market conditions and customer preferences to install our company for long-term success," he said.
"More than 75% of the GM global sales volume is expected to come from five vehicle architecture early in the next decade," said Barra. In this way, GM is trying to concentrate its production on the most profitable vehicles, such as SUVs and SUVs.
General Motors Workers in Canada. (AP)
In October, almost 65% of new vehicles sold in the US are trucks or trucks, 15% more than five years ago. Most of the plants affected in this restructuring produce vehicles that will not be sold in the region. One of them Here's the Chevrolet Cruze. The future of the other plants will depend on negotiations with the unions.
The company is also preparing to electric cars and autonomous cars. The CEO of GM stated that as cars and lorries became more complex, the company would need more programmers and fewer engineers working on internal combustion machines. "Vehicles are increasingly dependent on software. We will need a lot of technical resources with millions of codes, "he said.
Serious General Motors Bill turns square on Trump policy, who had promised to regenerate the creation of jobs in the US industrial belt. and the promotion of car production within the country. Ohio, where one of the plants is closed, is one of the main states on the electoral map and helping to come into force in the 2016 elections.
The image could be even more complicated as General Motors anticipated what other companies intend to do. According to the experts, Ford could adopt a similar policy in the coming months.