The brain is the body responsible for directing our body. Everything we think is going to happen first in our heads, so it's normal that rumors are actually generated for what is happening and so we can decide what distinguishes us from others and why we are doing what we do.
However, many of the beliefs raised about it are fake and encourage the many legends that show nothing about their ultimate operation.
"We live in a world of constant confusion between what is really and what is not, this is a society that provokes mental mind, dominant beings, fake truths," said Francisco Mora , a Neuroscience doctor at Oxford University and an author. of Lives and Truth, by note by Univisión.
So below we present five myths about the brain and if they are really or wrong.
1. Only 10% of the brain use
This is fake. We use it in an integral way. The origin of this myth has been attributed to William James, a famous American psychologist.
James said that a normal person could not use more than 10% of their brain in their everyday tasks, but what this expert tried to say is that most of it did not & # 39; n use all their intellectual resources.
There are many cases, but it's not really because of using a small part of the brain.
"Both in its anatomy and the number of functions that are expressed throughout the life of the individual, the brain is required to be completely," said Mora .
This myth continues because it encourages people to try to improve their intellectual ability and because it favors the sale of methods that help us "expand" the percentage of the brain that we will It means "using it" to distinguish ourselves from the majority.
2. The correct hemisphere is the creative side and the left hemisphere of the logical side
Fake Once again, the brain acts generally.
Firstly, this hypothesis does not have a scientific basis and, according to Mora, although the brain has to divide both hemisphere, these do not operate separately, but & # 39 ; both "physically and functionally linked through nerve fibers."
"The brain operates generally because of constantly transferring information from one other hemisphere," he explained.
Similarly, Mora said that "the existence of talents and abilities more closely related or selectively for mathematics than for art, or towards the sciences against letters, is in line with the functional dominance of the one or & # 39; the other hemisphere, but with the performance of the final joint function of both hemisphere and interact with the family environment and the culture in which they live ".
3. Reading the mind, telekinesis and future speculation is possible
It's fake. According to the expert, these abilities can only come from imagination, fear and fraud, because there is no research that is based on this belief; however, a study in 2005 revealed that 41% of adults in the United States believed in extrasensory perception.
4. The "Mozart effect"
It's also a lie. Years ago, he presented a study published in the science magazine Nature of work that showed that students listen to piano sonata by Mozart for 10 minutes increasing their intellectual ability temporarily. The work was so popular that it was a boost to sell toys and CDs with music by Mozart, which was specially purchased by parents who wanted their children to have more intellectual ability. Thus, the "Mozart effect" was won.
After that, studies discovered that this only happens after listening to Mozart, but also musical genres and other reading texts with high emotional content.
In conclusion, any exciting stimulus produces an increase in the ability for temporary learning and memory.
5. It can be stimulating
Again, fake. It is not possible to lift the body off the floor without the help of a machine. It's just in the imagination or the cinema. For the rest, it's hard. What we can do is feel, after some accident, stress or the effect of some drugs, that we float or out of body, but it is not really.