Encephalitis is a disease almost always caused by viruses, although there are many microorganisms that can produce encephalitis as bacteria and other agents.
The most common causes are those produced by the family of herpes virus (herpes simple, variws-zoster virus, cytomegalovirus, etc.), enterovirys and viruses transmitted by animals (such as mosquitoes, tickers, animals with war, etc. ). .
Measles, measles, or rubella viruses can also cause very serious encephalitis in people without vaccinated.
There are also immunocodial decephalitis, that is, produced by changes in the patient's immune system, which requires treatments other than infectious encephalitis and neurological surveillance.
The Association of Neurology Chamber (AAA) estimates that every 600 cases are diagnosed in Spain (0.5-7 per cent / 100,000 residents / year).
It is a rare illness, although it is assumed that there are more cases that are not diagnosed either because patients present are unusual symptoms or casual agents. Therefore it is considered to be an unannounced entity.
Some facts about escephalitis
- Every year, 600 new cases of encephalitis are diagnosed in Spain
- 10 in 100,000 children in Spain develop encephalitis every year, mainly before the first year of life.
- In recent years, and scary, there has been an increase in cases of disease that can cause encephalitis in children without vaccinated.
- Children, the elderly and people with weak immune systems are more likely to suffer from this disease and tend to present more serious cases.
- Serious encephalitis present high fatalities without treatment and may leave important neurological sefala in survivors.
Identify the symptoms of encephalitis to reduce essential risk
Most cases of encephalitis are favorable to proper treatment and those affected usually recover within a few weeks, without long-term complications.
However, serious cases have a high risk of deaths, as well as very incapable secolaees such as the development of epilepsy, motor defects, cognitive symptoms, behavioral disorders and learning disorders, especially when developing children affected.
The identification of early encephalitis, as well as cases, is a key to reducing essential risk and preventing complications.
And, although it depends on the agent that caused the encephalitis, as well as the affected region and its density and size, serious encephalitis that can not be treated early can be fatigue or leaving a permanent organization.
"The signs and symptoms are the basis of which we suspect the diagnosis and we can achieve the appropriate analyzes. In cases of severe neurological disorder, such as a low level of awareness, as soon as that we will administer the treatment, the better its evolution, "explained Dr. Santiago Trillo Senín, Co-ordinator of Critical Neurology and Intensive Neurology Association Group of Neurology.
"That is why it is essential to maintain a high degree of doubt in doctors, as well as promoting research into this disease and promoting the generalization and rapid access to diagnostic and therapeutic methods." In serious cases, multidisciplinary management is required. in neurological units, with experience in these cases, to improve the prognosis of the disease, "said Dr Trillo.
Raise awareness awareness
Typical symptoms of encephalitis are similar to those of the flu virus:
Sometimes these symptoms occur together with the physical deficiency of the nervous system:
- Agitation or animation
- Loss of sensitivity or barlys in some areas of the surface or body
- Muscle weakness
- Problems with speech or hearing
- Loss of information
In babies and children, it is also important to also address symptoms such as:
- Body rigidity
- Submit fontaneelle slowly or increasingly
- Constant crying and hypoactivity
- Poor feeding
- Do not wake up to feed
How to prevent encephalitis?
The most effective methods to prevent encephalitis are:
- Vaccine our children
- Do not eat water and food in poor condition
- Protect against insect bites, especially in tropical climates, or feedingstuffs
- Vaccine right when we travel
- Pet vaccination
Dr Trillo indicates that the number of cases of this disease due to viruses has reduced due to the systematic children's vaccination against measles, rubella, mumps, pneumonia, as well as other agents that are # 39; cause decephalitis.
However, in recent years, there has been an increase in cases of disease in children without vaccinated. In the case of measles, for example, it could lead to an increase in the number of serious encephalitis caused by this virus, with fatal consequences.
Because of this, it is essential to immunize our children, as well as others that can not be vaccinated.
All this, along with better health management and the development of new vaccines and antivirals, in favor of a future where this serious illness reduces ", highlights Dr. Santiago Trillo.