Y life expectancy in the United States had decreased, for the second time in a row, to an average of 78.6 years, i & # 39; the point it is "the lowest among the developed high-income countries "According to a study that analyzed the Center's Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Disposition returns the country to the levels it received in the Second World War, that is four months less.
"Americans are evolving poorly across a wide range of ages, health problems and death cases of comparison," he added the work published in the BMJ, which compared life in 18 rich countries. The main causes are two: the opioids and suicide crisis. And both are interrelated.
"And An overdose of drugs has shown an exponential increase since the late 1970s and the beginning of the 1980s, "he said The Harvard Gazette R. Kathryn McHugh, psychologist at McLean Hospital and a teacher at the School of Medicine Harvard. "With a a huge rise around 2013"This is the time when the public health crisis began pain medications such as oxycodone or hydrocodone I've been revealed out of control.
Since 1993 there was no tendency down in life expectancy, which was 2014 (2015 figures) in 78.9 years and in 2015 (figures 2016) of 78.7. In comparison, the averages come 84.1 years in Japan and 83.7 years old in Suizand, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), which sets the US, though it's the world's largest power, in the 29th place.
"Here's the first time we've seen this subsequent decline"HealthDay News Renée Gindi, head of the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) Analytical Studies Branch, part of the CDC said. Although liver disease, flu, pneumonia and diabetes also influence, The opiate factor is the opioid crisis.
Rate of the 72% of overdose death increased in the United States between 2006 and 2016, when it was five times greater than the 1999 percentage. Between 2015 and 2017 the largest group affected by the increase in overdose was a group of adults aged 25 to 54, to the point for those under 55's main cause of death, before heart disease, overhead. Currently, 19.8 people out of every 100,000 people die.
Since 2000, y epidemic and pharmaceutical products that were transferred, regeneration & use of heroin and populations of incredible drugs like that fentanyl has claimed more than 300,000 lives more than 72,000 were lost in 2017. That in 2017 indicated the deaths by synthetic opioids they will increase by 45% compared to 2016. The overall average of recent years has been 115 daily deaths.
"Overdose deaths outweigh deaths of HIV, car accidents or armed violence at each of the highest points," he said. The New York Times. The CDC data "also shows that the Increase in mortality is strongly associated with the use of synthetic opioids such as fentanyl"The analysts who consulted the newspaper led to three important factors to interpret in this regard: less opioids have prescribed but illegal use arises; more and more Americans used opioids a drugs have more deadly capacity, which is the mistake of small users leading to death.
Originally the opioids were Prescription drugs for acute pain treatment (after surgery or accident) or chronic. Because they were very addictive, a huge number of patients were hanging, and when the restrictions began on prescription, they were looking for street deputies. Here's how a black market of this pillus, but it also increased the consumption of heroin and fentanyl was installed, up to 100 times more powerful.
The CDC also records that the An increase of 3.7% in the suicide rate it was affecting life expectancy reduction. But McHugh explained The Harvard Gazette that "is new Fake dysotomy between accidental overdose and suicide", given the way opiates work in the human brain.
"In fact there are a few colors between one thing and another," he said. "For example, In what could be categorized as accidental overdose, there could be a significant desire for death, or even uncertainty: & # 39; I do not worry if I'm living or dead; or I know I can die, but I want some relief. Suicide and overdose are extremely common among people suffering from opioid use disorders. "
Of every 10 people killed by an overdose, 8 were white, 1 African American and 1 Latino, Please provide details of the Henry Kaiser Institute (KFF) statistics. According to the Times, "the epidemic It concentrated in white and rural populations, but the cost of living becomes more general"Indeed, if the percentage of dead targets dropped at 83%, it is currently below 78%, while overdose increases in the black community.
Head of Public Health, Jerome Adams, warned a year ago that the African American sheep were more likely to use opioids than their white peers. In West Virginia, 36.2 fatalities of opioids per 100,000 white people in 2015 recorded a 55.5 death rate of opioid orsoses per 100,000 black people two years later.
Other A group that is very affected by the opioids crisis is the Native American Natives. According to the CDC study, in this ethnic segment deaths where opiate was related they increase more than 500% between 1999 and 2015, while that figure was 200% in the general population in that period.