Sunday , October 17 2021

Diabetes that has an influence on eye health



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11/12/2018 – –

Next Wednesday states "Diabetes Day", and for this complicated disease, it's always good to remember some concepts for the benefit of the community, especially for diabetics and how to lead an organized life for better quality life.

Diabetes is a disease that affects the ability of the body to produce or use insulin efficiently to control the level of blood sugar. Although glucose is an important source of energy for body cells, excessive blood glucose over a long period can cause damage to many parts of the body, including the heart, kidneys, blood vessels and blood vessels little. from the eye.

When the blood cells in the eye retina (the sensitive sensitive tissue that relieve the back of the eye) collapse or collapse completely, or If new abnormal blood vessels grow on the face of the retina, it seems. known as diabetic retinopathy.

People with diabetic retinopathy are most at risk of diabetes or poor blood sugar, pregnant women and people with high blood pressure, high blood lipids or two. The risk also increases with the length of diabetes. For example, a woman develops diabetic retinopathy after living with diabetes for about 25 years. In addition, people from specific ethnic groups, such as African-Americans, Hispanists and Native Americans, are more likely to develop diabetic retinopathy. In fact, a new study confirms that diabetes is a risk factor for losing vision in a higher percentage among Hispanics.

According to the Control Centers and Disease Prevention (CDC), around 90 percent of diabetic-related vision loss can be prevented, but the key is detected early. People with diabetes should have annual eye exams, even before they have signs of vision loss. However, studies show that sixty percent of diabetics do not perform the tests that their doctors recommend.

Something to remember: Diabetes can cause changes in the vision, even if you do not have retinopathy. If your blood sugar levels change rapidly, it can affect the shape of a lens of the eye, causing a blurred vision, which returns to normal after stabilizing the blood sugar level.

Did you know there is a link between diabetes and cataracts too? The permanent visual deficiency due to cataracts may also be the result of changes in the crystalline product with excessive blood sugar. Maintaining good blood control in your blood helps to reduce periods of temporarily blurred vision and prevent cluster that would require surgery to correct that poor vision.

If you have diabetes, you have a higher risk of developing specific eye diseases, including diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma and cataracts. The good news is that you can keep your vision and reduce the chance of eye disease.

Follow these steps now to make sure you keep your vision for years to come:

1. Have a comprehensive eye exam with your ophthalmologist at least once a year.

In his first stage, diabetic eye disease often has no symptoms. A dilated eye examination allows your ophthalmologist to look more closely at the retina and optic nerve for signs of damage before you notice any change in your vision. Regularly, eye health monitoring allows your ophthalmologist to start treatment as soon as possible if signs of illness appear.

2. Managing blood sugar

When the blood sugar level is too high, it can affect the shape of the lens of the eye, causing a blurred vision, which returns to normal after the blood sugar stabilizes. A high level of blood sugar can also damage eye blood vessels. Maintaining good blood sugar control helps to prevent these problems.

3. Maintain healthy blood pressure and cholesterol levels

High blood pressure and high cholesterol can put your eyes and your vision loss at a higher risk of disease. Not only will its controlled detention help your eyes, but also your general health.

4. Stop smoking

If you are smoking, the risk of diabetic retinopathy and other diabetes-related eye diseases is higher. Tobacco stopping will help to reduce that risk.

5. Exercise

Physical exercise is good for the eyes. It's also good for diabetes. Regular exercise can help keep your eyes as healthy as possible while helping to control diabetes.

If you have diabetes, you can keep a good vision. Ensure that you control your illness actively with an ophthalmologist in a way that reduces the risk of exacerbating any eye disease.

DIABETAU A CATARATAS.

If you have diabetes, there are many important reasons to follow your doctor's orders about diet and control of blood sugar. One of those reasons: avoid cataracts. People with diabetes are more likely to develop cataracts compared to non-diabetes.

Cataract is a disease in the transparent natural lens of the eye that becomes unclear. The Light does not pass through the lens as it should and should not be adequately reflected in the retina (the soft sensitive tissue that is # 39; n alleviate the back of the eye). As a result, the vision becomes cloudy, distorted or unclear. Cataracts are generally associated with changes that are age-related in the eye, although other factors, such as medications, surgery, non-controlled exposure), increase the levels of sugar in the aqueous humor and lens; The high levels of glucose in the lens cause it to grow, which impacts on the clarity of vision. The lens also has an enzyme that translates glucose into a substance of the sorbitol name. When sorbitol builds up in the lens, it can affect cells and proteins of natural origin, making the lens less transparent and more inconsistent. Ultimately, this condition leads to the formation of cataracts, as the world around it seems unclear, yellow or interesting, and increasing brightness. In the event of doubt, by the Santiago del Estero Ophthalmological Society, we always recommend going to the Oculist for control check and to prevent all types of illness.

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