Thursday , May 19 2022

At 6, 17, 45 and 65: what is the best physical activity by age


The benefits of physical activity are multiple. This is important to incorporate this early age practice, as it promotes growth and development, and can make people get better and sleep and reduce the risk of many chronic diseases. In addition, it creates team workplaces, games and, ultimately, a healthier life.

The US Department of Health announced a physical activity guide that provides information and guidance on the types and amount of exercise according to a person's life stage: pre-school; school and young people; adult adult, post-pregnancy and post-pregnancy.

"21st century vaccine is a physical exercise. It has many benefits to the health of the people. With the fact that we go for a walk, running and thinking that we are already making a change in the body, "says the doctor Gabriel Lapman (MN 119066), cardiologist and nephrologist of the Sanatorium Model of Caseros, in dialogue with him Infobae.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), which warned that more than 80% of puberty globally are sedentary, children and young people between 5 and 17 years old must invest, at least, 60 minutes a day in physical activities of moderate to energetic density.

"Every time we try to find a wider audience and younger because of the rate of obesity among children in the world, in a country like Argentina, if children do not practice and choose a sedentary lifestyle, it will affect their development. healthy habits or practices to pursue active life, "he stressed. Lapman

Physical activity for pre-school children

According to the research, children under 6 years go through periods of rapid growth and development, and therefore physical activity is so important in that age. It can improve growth and development, as well as learn important movement skills.

"In the youngest it is important that all types of movement are worked: running, walking, swimming, climbing, throwing, etc. From the sports field, it's important not to pick up a pigeon in one sport, but rather experiencing different types and play forms, "he said. Infobae Claudia Lescano, have licensed in high performance and physical preparation.

Physical activity for children of young age and young people.

Childhood and adolescent are critical periods to develop movement skills, learn healthy habits and establish a solid foundation for health and wellbeing. As with younger children, adults can play an essential support role in fostering a positive relationship with physical activity and in encouraging and supporting their children to be active every day.

For young people 6 to 17 years old, physical activity of active intensity, bone strengthening and muscle strengthening There are three important elements that should be included in them three days or more a week.

Unlike adults, young people do not usually develop chronic diseases, but risk factors such as obesity, high insulin levels and blood lipids, and high blood pressure can develop during childhood and adolescence. Young people who work regularly have a better chance of getting a healthy adult by reducing the likelihood of these risk factors developing., now and in the future.

Physical activity for adults

Adults should move more and sit smaller throughout the day. From this group, those who perform any moderate to energetic physical activity will have some health benefits.

For significant health benefits, Adults should do at least 150 minutes (2 hours and 30 minutes) for 300 minutes (5 hours) every week of moderate density, or 75 minutes (1 hour and 15 minutes) for 150 minutes (2 hours and 30 minutes) a week of aerobic physical activity of active intensity, or equivalent combination of moderate and energetic intensity aerobic activity. Ideally, lAerobic activity should be extended throughout the week.

"It is essential to understand that performing any physical activity is surrounded by healthy habits, as it is a very important pillar and should not be lost or to be a malvivir," he said. Lapman

Adults too he must perform moderate intensity muscle strengthening activities or more that includes all major muscle groups for two days or more a week, as these activities provide additional health benefits.

Regarding the type of physical activity, Lescano He said: "The important thing is that they do something during the week, and they always have physical talent and a check." It is also necessary that those who did not do any physical activity started four times a week, but rather that it was something gradual ".

Physical activity for older adults

The benefits of regular physical activity take place throughout life and are essential for Aging and Healthy. Adults over 65 have significant health benefits of regular physical activity, even if they do not meet the key guidelines. Older adults who are physically active can take part in everyday life activities easier and have a better physical function (even if they are frail). They are less likely to fall, and if they do so, the risk of injury is lower.

Most are older people They spend a large part of their day sedentary, so the key guides are similar to some adults. For older adults, multi-context physical activity is important. Multi-component physical activity combines aerobic exercises, muscle strengthening and balance. The three aspects are important for this population because older adults have a higher risk of falling, and Strengths and balance are needed to prevent collapsing.

Physical activity during pregnancy and after-class

Physical activity during pregnancy benefits from the general health of the woman without increasing the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as premature introduction or early loss of pregnancy. Benefits include maintaining or increasing cardiraspiradic fitness, reducing the risk of excessive weight loss and significant diabetes, as well as reducing the symptoms of post-depression depression.

"Pregnant women should not have more than 140 strokes in doing aerobic work, but more importantly, the pregnant woman who did not do any physical activity would start during pregnancy, must be supported by a health worker professional, since then it should always have an authorization and it is recommended up to the third quarter without surviving the incentives, "he said Lescano.

Some evidence suggests that physical activity can reduce the risk of pregnancy complications, such as pre-eclampsia, labor period and post-retardation recovery, and the caesarean introduction risk. On the other hand, most women who have been active before becoming pregnant are able to continue their level of activity during pregnancy safely.

Regarding postpartum, the physical therapist sees it a chance for the woman: "One of the best times, each one is unique, he has Many do with the hormonal state, but it's one of the most beautiful moments to start physical activity, always with professional authorization and registration. "

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