Thursday , August 11 2022

After the "Classical and Modern" closure now the argument comes: does the State have to intervene?


Close the significant bookshop of Buenos Aires Classical and Modern It was a blow. The space, with 80 years of history, was a way they came Borges a Bioy, among others, and during the last civic and military sentiment became open to a debate, which transformed it, as well as other factors, as an integral direction of the City's culture.

The eviction news spreads. But after the other and the joyful, a new debate was opened when Enrique Avogadro, City Culture Minister, on Twitter account that they will "help keep a central place for our City's culture going." Then the axle came, with that speed that the social networks allow, one of which the State helps a private place or not, although it has a rich tradition and identity.

Hours before the meeting with Avogadro, Fernando Monod, the bookshop administrator Infobae Culture "The owner should be a city, that's the only way that places like this and many other people never close, regardless of who controls it, if some do not work others come, but the library is already a heritage, the only way to do it forever. "

To know different jobs and possible solutions, Infobae Culture He talked to her Avogadro and other references from culture and politics, such as Daniel Filmus, Deputy National City; I gave Lopérfido, former Culture Minister of the City of Buenos Aires and the artistic director of Teatro Colón, and author Federico Andahazi.

After the Avogadro tweet, many users kept that a private place with State money should not be resolved; that is, the taxpayers. However, for Avogadro the bookshop is not just a library business: "There are 80 very powerful presence anywhere in the context of its city as Classical and Modern. In fact, cultural areas are open and close regularly. The person who collapses, unfortunately, has affected many people because he recognizes the specific value it has, as it is part of the heritage. "

Y Classical and Modern It's not just about a subject, if you are, romantic, but historically and therefore, in 2013, it was declared "Cultural Interest" by the Buenos Aires legislature. But should the State take care of debt between private parties? The answer is simple for Avogadro: Number

"He would not just pay the rent. The ideal would be give a loan to pay the debt and thus find a solution in the background, as well as support with cultural programs of deeds in the building. In other words, temporarily help to find a solution in the background. "

However, that temporary solution does not seem simple at all. Before the Buenos Aires culture portfolio intervenes, there is an agreement between the private ones: the owner of the property and the tenants. "We will coincide with them in an impressive way, but they need to sit with the owners to see if there is scope to extend this decision," said Avogadro.

On the other hand, the debt – which turned out to him and which ones that must be resolved in a one-month period is definitive, in itself or not – & # 39; The only obstacle to Classical and Modern continues to act. According to some versions it is Infobae Culture he had access the valuation of the property, located at Avenida Callao in 800, would be an imagination for its landlords, who would not look badly to sell space for a real estate project to be developed. Interest with you is not missing.

Ffilmus, for his part, said that he supported Avogadro's intentions, but not at any cost: "I have no doubt that you have to protect the declared goods of Cultural Interest & # 39;, but everything would disappear. And there are two issues to solve: analyze and study the mechanisms that you will help with and how that agreement will be. There is a matter of sitting and arguing. You can agree that if you have a difficult economic situation, that support is returned in a given time or, for example, that they are returned to the community through free activities. "

For his part, Lopérfido said that he did not agree with the state's participation point of view: "I'm a bit skeptical. I do not believe that the State should interfere with the company's corporate problems. I understand historical and proprietary value Classical and Modern. The library has a big problem, I believe Natu Poblet (TheNdR: his former owner, who died in 2017) He was an incredible person and could continue everything and produce great empathy. And here's what happens with organizations that miss great leaders. "

Is that beyond the economic, Classical and Modern issue going through a positive crisis. Fernando Monod, a soteotechnic engineer by profession, is my brother Alejandro Monod, the man of Poblet, who after his wife's death remained in front of the bookshop for a couple of months, but sickness control had to be given control: "It's a very difficult time, I took over the bookshop last year, to my brother's illness, and in December, we were told about this debt and we looked for different ways of finding a solution that, from today, we did not find ". Avogadro also understands behind this crisis that there is a familiar question: "Without Natu, he stopped being on the culture map or did that with less power and that was apparent".

Melysion El Molino, an example to follow?

"For example, with El Molino's law it was agreed that the first floor, as the divisions, be used for commercial purposes and that the money that comes from that farm is going to produce the top floors' cultural proposals", adds.

But he also called to protect all bookstores, not just the historical ones, based on some measures that mitigate their tax burden: "Bookshops are in an emergency and you have to protect them, because the vehicle is Are they getting to the books Most people, we offered a project that we hope to have a reduction in the collection of services. ad hoc if you really want to save the heritage, whether it's a building or intangible. Yes, if there is a contribution from the State, it must be in the interests of the cultural benefit of citizenship, not privately"

Patronage, alternative

Sponsorship is sponsored by artists from writers to writers or scientists, with the aim of allowing them to develop their work. The City of the Patronage System (2264/06), known as the Cultural Promotion System, is that taxpayers who pay taxes on Gross Income can allocate part of their payment to support cultural projects.

However, the law has aimed at people or non-profit societies, although for Avogadro "it is not impossible for the law to make a place like Classical and Modern You can work You have to be creative, you could create a festival, for example, "although it explains that the problem" is that an emergency and registration need to open in April and it's a year and a half process, meet some steps. "

For Lopérfido "rescue mechanisms do not end well": "Then how does it happen to argue the company? In fact, & # 39: The ideal is more than giving money from the State, we also understand that the world of bookshops are in an emergency, with the advent of digital books, for example, now in New York, there is a problem with her Llinyn, for me the best bookshop in the world, and that's located in a property that has a very big valuation today and it can be closed.

"Unfortunately there is no strong tradition of sponsors in Argentina, as it happens in the USA, because if you want to protect it as a cultural heritage, that is best there are a number of people who give money every year if the business is not profitable and that is their contribution to society, as are the millionaires"

"I can defer State contributions, because what do you do if things go wrong in a year? Also, it's definitely not with a bookshop in Avellaneda, Tiger or any neighborhood, with similar problems that, in fact, many have what I said to Avogadro, with great respect, that is look for sponsors because if only its state-of-money money can end in an unfair equation"

For the author Federico Andahazi "The State has a lot to give it to Culture and industry and at the same time a culture must give a lot to the State": "He has nothing to do with dogmatic, statistic, or liberal situations. There is a much deeper topic and the links between culture and State are very sound and have a great history. Now the formats are changing, for the first time in a long time, we testify the same as the Gutenberg device. So, of course, the entire culture industry is a barrier and we do not know what the course will happen. All the bookshops are in crisis, here and around the world. This is not something that is solved by industry, by private companies, or wholly by the side of the State. Just as the print press was in attendance was the connection between the State and Culture, it seems to me now that the State also has to intervene in the piece between one format and another. The book as we know, I do not know how long it will last. "

For Andahazi "is the problem of sponsorship, especially in this country the sponsor's voice approves the author's voice ": "It happened to me, when I won the Fortabat competition, which was somehow the big sponsor of the letters, for the novel The Anatomy, who had a voice very different to her, the breadth of the criteria to accept that different voice and vice versa, I did not get my application was violent. Every country has its flats, but I'm currently imagining it soiree The people and the criteria will have been refurbished a bit ".

"I also think the market ends up settling down. The State or sponsor must support the culture, until the market puts things in place , they do not appear as opposing concepts, "Andahazi ends.

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