Sunday , July 3 2022

50 years since Apollo 8 today



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In summer 1968, Frank Borman was deeply in training as the mission leader to test the Apollo and gray Earth commands modules. The flight would be dangerous. He and the members of the crew Jim Lovell and Bill Anders would be the first people to ride the Saturn V. rocket. The huge vehicle was twice tested on unmanned journeys (eventually successful ) but the second had severe glitches, including vertical oscillations (called the pogo effect) and premature machine shutters.

By August, delays in the development of the gray module meant that the mission of the right spacecraft would not be intended. That's when the program manager Apollo, George Low, offered a bold mission: the Orbit of the Moon. The Apollo 8 crew would still fly, but their destination would be a supper lunch, but less than lunch and lake. A successful mission would give the US a decisive leader in the space race against the Soviet.

Low foot was accepted, and on August 19, 1968, the NASA directors of the Apollo 8 crew gave their new mission. They only had four months to learn how to fly to the moon.

Their assignment was subject to the success of Apollo 7, where three astronauts took the command module on the 11-day Earth orbit of the Earth, in October 1968. The green light for the gray mission arrived at 12 November, just five weeks before its launch has arranged.

Borman, Lovell and Anders were quick studies. They were thrown out on December 21 and shot their slides into three days later, entertaining the world with a live TV broadcast on Christmas Eve.

As they point the camera to the bedroom's face and pane to the Earth, they read from the Genesis Book. For those who watch grainy videostuffs, the remarkable end for a year marked war, civil harassment and deaths. Their safe return was cementing the US leader in the space race and led to six successful blows on the Moon.

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