The Nigerian Government – with the help of the World Health Organization (WHO), Gavi, the Vaccine League and UNICEF aims to vaccinate 26.2 million people during the second phase of its biggest yellow fever campaign as it is trying to establish a high population immunity across the country.
This phase of the campaign, funded by Gavi, will run from November 22 to December 1, 2018 and will target children and adults in the Plateau, Sokoto, Kebbi, Niger and Borno as well as & # 39 ; r Federal Capital Territory.
"The vaccination will be for people within 9 months of 44 years of cohort, parents are advised to take advantage of themselves and their children to take part in the vaccination; the vaccine is free, in safe and effective, "said Dr Joseph Oteri, Director of Special Duties at the National Nigeria National Healthcare Development Agency.
A yellow fever is caused by a virus spread by infection of infected mosquitoes. Some patients may develop severe symptoms, including high fever and jaundice (yellow skin and eyes), but the disease can be easily prevented by a vaccine that provides immunity for life.
"Immunization of more than 26 million people is a huge undertaking," said Dr Matshidiso Moeti, UK Regional Director for Africa. "But this achievement will be a huge step towards protecting people from potentially deadly blood disease, not only in Nigeria but in the African region."
To ensure that this phase of the vaccination campaign runs smoothly, the Federal Health Ministry, in conjunction with WHO with the support of Gavi, has trained and used Management Support Teams (MST). The MSTs oversee preparations during the campaign and, in partnership with WHO yellow fever specialists, they will act as supervisors and provide technical support during the campaign itself.
"Nigeria is at the forefront of the global fight against a yellow fever," said Dr Seth Berkley, CEO of Gavi, the Vaccine League. "Normal immunization attention remains dangerous, as shown by the latest case, which is why this campaign is so important to protect those who are vulnerable. While the campaign This saves lives, we need to focus our efforts on the best long-term solution – improve the provision of normal immunization so that every child is protected, preventing cases happening in the first place. "
The first phase of this preventive mass vaccination campaign (PMVC) was held in January and February 2018 in Kwara, Kogi and Zamfara states and parts of the Borno state. Approximately 8.7 million adults and children were interrupted between 9 months and 45 years old. It is expected that a total of 39.9 million people will be vaccinated against this year's yellow fever.
The campaign takes place as Nigeria experienced a yellow fever. Since its inception in September 2017, confirmed cases were recorded in 27 Local Government Areas across 14 countries.
Nigeria is one of 50 partners following the Epidemics Eliminate Fever Fever (EYE) strategy. After guiding WHO, Gavi and UNICEF, the strategy seeks to protect populations at risk, prevent international spread and rapidly capture cases.
As part of EYE, Nigeria has developed a 10-year strategic eradication plan to reduce the incidence of yellow fever epidemics and to vaccinate at least 80% of the target population in each country by 2026.
The normal yellow fever immunization in Nigeria continues to be very low. In 2016, the normal national immunization (NICS) provision for yellow fever for children between 12 and 23 months was 39%.
A large epidemic of yellow fever occurs when people who have been infected present the virus to areas with a large population with high mosquito density and low vaccination protection. A positive cause of yellow fever in an uninhabited population is a potential epidemic threat.
Gavi's support for the campaign is part of a wider commitment to boost Nigeria's low immunization coverage. In return for a commitment from the Nigerian Government to invest £ 2 billion of its own money in its vaccine programs over the next ten years as well as a detailed accountability framework, Gavi is committed to continuing supporting the country until 2028, protecting millions of children against some of the world's most severe diseases and helping Nigeria save more than a million lives.